Essay on The Iran Iraq War : Iran

Essay on The Iran Iraq War : Iran

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The Iran-Iraq War:

The Iran-Iraq War occurred from 22 September 1980 to 20 August 1988. The conflict was a conventional war fought by two different states: the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Iraqi Republic. Notably, two key non-state actors participated in the war: Iran 's government found allies in the oppressed Iraqi Kurdish ethnic group, who fought in conjunction with Iranian offensives. Iraq aligned itself with the Mujaheddin of Iran, who opposed the Iranian government. The conflict took place along the Iran-Iraq border, in South-West Asia. Limited combat also occurred in the Persian gulf, where both states navies attacked enemy oil infrastructure and tankers. Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein launched the war chiefly due to increasingly violent border disputes. The result of the war was a status quo ante bellum with both sides reeling. Other states had a great interest in the war because Iraq counterbalanced ideologically-radical Iran and ensure stability in the region. Iran had undergone the 1979 revolution, where the Iranian people overthrew the pro-western monarchy and install an anti-western theocracy, lead by Islamic cleric Ayatollah Khomeini. Further, the region provided nearly 50% of the worlds oil reserves and therefore is key to the global economy. Thus, the USSR, UAE, France, United States, UK, Saudi Arabia and Jordan supported Iraq to ensure this balance of ideological power locally was maintained and the supply of oil was maintained, while only Syria and North Korea supported Iran.
The Initial Iraqi offensive, 1980-82
Iraqi forces launched a full-scale invasion on 22 September 1980, with the Iraqi air force attempting a bold preemptive strike on Iranian airfields. Initial ground attacks saw some success, but the d...


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... as the Iraqi military was now free to fully focus on quelling their rebellion. The Kurds sought their own state, and the war gave them an opportunity to renew their uprising. This resulted in a genocide of 190,000 Kurds by the Iraqi military. Iran found itself increasingly isolated from the world, as no major state had been willing to support Iran during the war; the international community was quick to fund the fight against Iran, in fact. The key long term consequence was the emergence of a very powerful Iraqi military in the wake of the war, despite massive government debt. Iraq would invade Kuwait in 1990 to try and annul a large debt, and acquire oil fields. This resulted in the First Gulf War. The conflict solidified the Revolutionary regime within Iran, as the war provided the citizens of Iran with a common enemy and a cause to rally around amidst instability.

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Essay on The Iran Iraq War : Iran

- The Iran-Iraq War: The Iran-Iraq War occurred from 22 September 1980 to 20 August 1988. The conflict was a conventional war fought by two different states: the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Iraqi Republic. Notably, two key non-state actors participated in the war: Iran 's government found allies in the oppressed Iraqi Kurdish ethnic group, who fought in conjunction with Iranian offensives. Iraq aligned itself with the Mujaheddin of Iran, who opposed the Iranian government. The conflict took place along the Iran-Iraq border, in South-West Asia....   [tags: Iran, Iraq, Iran–Iraq War, Saddam Hussein]

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