Essay on Iran and Iraq War

Essay on Iran and Iraq War

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The war between Iraq and Iran was a war between two rival states with different religious/fundamental views, ethnic backgrounds, historical ethnic and border tensions, and power-hungry national leadership who were striving for the position as the dominant Persian Gulf state (Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)). This war is significant for several reasons: it the longest conventional war in the 20th century (lasting from 1980 to 1988), it was witness several unique and horrific tactics and it set the stage for Iraq’s eventual invasion of Kuwait (Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)). The Iraq-Iran war is a prime example of two competing Nationalist/Fundamentalist states, and its repercussions have left long-lasting effects that are still felt today.
Iraq/Iran tensions date back to the post-colonial era and include disputes over “Iraq claimed territories inhabited by Arabs (the Southwestern oil-producing province of Iran called Khouzestan), as well as Iraq's right over Shatt el-Arab (Arvandroud)” (Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)), a waterway that served as a shipping route for both nation’s oil exports. “This waterway is the confluence between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and forms the southern border between Iraq and Iran” (Dugdale-Pointon). Tensions flared between the two states when Iraq broke diplomatic relations with Iran in 1971, after the British withdrew from the region, forcing approximately 70,000 Iraqi Shias to leave the country (Iran–Iraq War). This action, along with Iraq’s claims to Khouzestan, caused Iran to provide refuge and supplies to Iraq’s Kurdish rebels (Iran–Iraq War).
The second major contributing factor to the Iraq-Iran war was the rise of two leaders with extreme ideologies and goals. The rise of these leaders coincided w...


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...d supplies. Both countries, however, suffered a great loss, particularly financially. As Iraq emerged from the war feeling confident about its military might, it set its sights on its southern oil-producing neighbor, Kuwait (Iran–Iraq War). Iraq launched an offensive on Kuwait as both a means to even out its war debt and to gain a hold on Kuwait’s oil industry, however, this new war turned out for the worse for Iraq. In Iran, a newly elected President began a regime giving Iranian national interests primacy over Islamic doctrine (Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)). In the end, the Iraq-Iran war displayed that neither Arab nationalism nor Islamic fundamentalism are necessarily the right choice for the political makeup of a state, but both served as the guide for which both of these countries followed and for Iran continue to follow.



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