Iraq/Iran tensions date back to the post-colonial era and include disputes over “Iraq claimed territories inhabited by Arabs (the Southwestern oil-producing province of Iran called Khouzestan), as well as Iraq's right over Shatt el-Arab (Arvandroud)” (Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)), a waterway that served as a shipping route for both nation’s oil exports. “This waterway is the confluence between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and forms the southern border between Iraq and Iran” (Dugdale-Pointon). Tensions flared between the two states when Iraq broke diplomatic relations with Iran in 1971, after the British withdrew from the region, forcing approximately 70,000 Iraqi Shias to leave the country (Iran–Iraq War). This action, along with Iraq’s claims to Khouzestan, caused Iran to provide refuge and supplies to Iraq’s Kurdish rebels (Iran–Iraq War).
The second major contributing factor to the Iraq-Iran war was the rise of two leaders with extreme ideologies and goals. The rise of these leaders coincided w...
... middle of paper ...
...d supplies. Both countries, however, suffered a great loss, particularly financially. As Iraq emerged from the war feeling confident about its military might, it set its sights on its southern oil-producing neighbor, Kuwait (Iran–Iraq War). Iraq launched an offensive on Kuwait as both a means to even out its war debt and to gain a hold on Kuwait’s oil industry, however, this new war turned out for the worse for Iraq. In Iran, a newly elected President began a regime giving Iranian national interests primacy over Islamic doctrine (Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)). In the end, the Iraq-Iran war displayed that neither Arab nationalism nor Islamic fundamentalism are necessarily the right choice for the political makeup of a state, but both served as the guide for which both of these countries followed and for Iran continue to follow.
History of World Societies
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Iran-Iraq War: The Iran-Iraq War occurred from 22 September 1980 to 20 August 1988. The conflict was a conventional war fought by two different states: the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Iraqi Republic. Notably, two key non-state actors participated in the war: Iran 's government found allies in the oppressed Iraqi Kurdish ethnic group, who fought in conjunction with Iranian offensives. Iraq aligned itself with the Mujaheddin of Iran, who opposed the Iranian government. The conflict took place along the Iran-Iraq border, in South-West Asia.... [tags: Iran, Iraq, Iran–Iraq War, Saddam Hussein]
1063 words (3 pages)
- The History of Two Nations at War Iran and Iraq’s relations have been hostile since the Iran-Iraq war, also known as the first Persian Gulf War. The war lasted from September 1980 to August 1988, making it the 20th century 's longest conventional war. Saddam, who was the 5th president of Iraq, was so amused with the continuous battles that he made it a point to have the Iraqi 25-dinar note display the Battle of al-Qadisiyyah on its currency. For nearly nine years, both countries suffered millions of casualties and lost countless amounts of dollars in destruction (Karsh, 2002).... [tags: Iran, Iraq, Iran–Iraq War, Saddam Hussein]
1017 words (2.9 pages)
- The Iran-Iraq War was the prolonged war from 1980 to 1988 between two nations, Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Iraq. This competitive rivalry between Iraq and Iran goes back to the days of the Persian empire and the Ottoman Turkish empire. “From the 1920s onwards the nominally independent states of Iraq and Iran sustained historically animosities in changed circumstances, at first still under the direct influence of Britain, and later (after 1958) as truly independent countries pursuing their respective national interests”.... [tags: Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Iraq]
1205 words (3.4 pages)
- Impact of Cold War on Iran-Iraq War The Iran- Iraq War was the prolonged war from 1980 to 1988 between two nations, Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Iraq. This competitive rivalry between Iraq and Iran goes back to the days of the Ottoman Turkish empire and the Persian empire. “From the 1920s onwards the nominally independent states of Iraq and Iran sustained historically animosities in changed circumstances, at first still under the direct influence of Britain, and later (after 1958) as truly independent countries pursuing their respective national interests”.... [tags: Iran, Iraq, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi]
1487 words (4.2 pages)
- The war between Iraq and Iran was a war between two rival states with different religious/fundamental views, ethnic backgrounds, historical ethnic and border tensions, and power-hungry national leadership who were striving for the position as the dominant Persian Gulf state (Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)). This war is significant for several reasons: it the longest conventional war in the 20th century (lasting from 1980 to 1988), it was witness several unique and horrific tactics and it set the stage for Iraq’s eventual invasion of Kuwait (Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)).... [tags: Contributing Factors, Results]
744 words (2.1 pages)
- If Hussein would have waited and had given a formal declaration of war on Iran, things could have turned out differently for the Iraqis. The Iranians would have had time to gather their forces and defend their borders more adequately and caused a lot more resistance for the Iraqis to push through. However, this could have been either disastrous or a big victory for the Iraqis. The now unified and strong border defense could have wiped out the attacking Iraqi force and would have been a devastating blow to the Iraqis from which it would have been tough to recover.... [tags: Iran, Iraq, Iraq War, Iran–Iraq War]
706 words (2 pages)
- Lasting for eight years, the Iran-Iraq War is widely considered to be the longest lasting war of the 20th Century. Also the bloodiest, it was initiated by Iraq, with little consideration for the intended outcome. The First Persian Gulf War had been smoldering for centuries over a bed of coals fueled by differing religious beliefs, and economical and political views, with encouragement from Third Party countries. Finally sparked by an intended land grab, neither side appeared to have considered the financial nor human cost racked up during hostilities.... [tags: modern Middle Eastern history]
1206 words (3.4 pages)
- Iran-Iraq War The eight year Iran-Iraq War was, by the standards of international conflicts, a very long one. It lasted longer than both World War I and World War II. In this conflict, the two most powerful states in the Persian Gulf, Iran and Iraq, who were the world’s largest producers of petroleum, were locked in mortal combat and appeared intent on destroying each other. The war began when Iraq invaded Iran, simultaneously launching an invasion by air and land into Iranian territory on September 1980 and ended with a United Nations brokered ceasefire in 1988.... [tags: World History ]
1600 words (4.6 pages)
- The Iran-Iraq War While the Iran-Iraq War during the 1980's may have permanently altered the course of progress in Iran and Iraq, the war also altered the resulting permanent involvement of the rest of the world in the middle-east. The rich and complicated history in Iraq has established numerous cultural and ethnic traditions that all play a part in where the country is today. The Iran-Iraq War brought into focus some of those traditions and how they conflicted, while also bringing Iraq and its economic situation into the spotlight.... [tags: War Middle East Essays]
3026 words (8.6 pages)
- Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) Hypothesis Probably the most logical explanation is that there has been a conflict that is decades old, that comes from, religious differences to territorial and power ambitions. This war is a war that is not going to stop until both countries solve their internal affairs, because the historical background that this two countries have is not an easy one. I think that the only way to fully achieve peace between these two countries is, for them to come to an agreement regarding the territories, and another one to respect each other’s religions.... [tags: essays research papers]
638 words (1.8 pages)