Essay PreviewMore ↓
There is much debate about IQ tests. There are many definitions of intelligence and no one agreed on a specific definition. Triarchic theory one of definitions which is describe intelligence categories in three aspects involved: analytical, creative and practical (Sternbery, 1958). Some researches emphasize that IQ tests are meaningless and measures intelligence as Cohen (1991) believes that IQ scores can predict if people success in school and work or not. However, other researches argue that IQ tests is meaningless and it not possible to determined intelligence. For example, Rawat (2001) clime that IQ scores are affected by many factors. As a result, people could not depended on IQ results. This essay will argue that taking IQ tests as a measures of intelligence is insignificant. Although, it also might present some benefits. In order to demonstrate this the essay first will discuss IQ scores are able to change and it is not a good criterion to depend on. Second, it will argue that there are many factors affected on intelligence such as heredity and socio-economic factors. Moreover, it will show the differences between success and intelligence. Furthermore, it will focus on using IQ tests to discriminate between people.
1. High IQ scores do not prove intelligence:
One of the reasons of IQ tests are meaningless is the obtaining high scores in the IQ test is not enough of measuring intelligence. According to Rawat (2001) high scores in the IQ test do not mean someone is intelligent. Furthermore, Chon (1991) point out people can change IQ scores when they take the test more than once, also they could know the main idea of the test, how the test works, what procedures, how they can answer the questions. As a result, they can change their scores to a high level by preparation. Indeed, it could not be a good criterion of measure of intelligence because the result is not fixed and always changes. Goleman (1998) and Salovey and Mayer (1990) mention that emotional intelligence is the important ability to express and understand emotional knowledge. As a result, IQ scores cannot be accounted by IQ test because it could not support and covered the emotional intelligence's side. Therefore, it seems clear that attaining high scores in the IQ tests are not reliable results and cannot evaluate intelligence significantly.
2. Different factors can affect intelligence:
How to Cite this Page
"IQ Tests." 123HelpMe.com. 23 May 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- To what extent do you agree that IQ tests are a meaningful measure of intelligence. Introduction: There is much debate about IQ tests. There are many definitions of intelligence and no one agreed on a specific definition. Triarchic theory one of definitions which is describe intelligence categories in three aspects involved: analytical, creative and practical (Sternbery, 1958). Some researches emphasize that IQ tests are meaningless and measures intelligence as Cohen (1991) believes that IQ scores can predict if people success in school and work or not.... [tags: Triarchic Theory, Intelligence, Success]
1157 words (3.3 pages)
- William Stern in the 1912 took the mental age of an individual, divided it by the chronological age and obtained the ratio, which he called an intelligence quotient. Intelligence quotient (IQ) is a score used to express the relative intelligence of a person. In the modern society with high competition in different areas intelligence tests are widely used. IQ tests starting to appear in job interviews as a part of the application process as well. This is still a controversial issue about whether IQ tests should be included in the employability process, but due to the increasing rivalry for job placements worldwide, IQ tests are one of the options to be brought up.... [tags: Job Interview Essays]
994 words (2.8 pages)
- IQ tests are not an accurate measure of a person's intelligence. I will be analyzing the reasons why I think that IQ tests are not an accurate measure of the intelligence. These reasons will be accompanied with solid proven facts that will discount the accuracy that is falsely considered to be a part of IQ tests. Today IQ tests are a part of many instances where intelligence is being judged. Not an accurate measure The test that has today evolved as the IQ test was initially designed by Sir Francis Galton.... [tags: Intelligence]
880 words (2.5 pages)
- The Measurement of Intelligence through IQ Tests Can intelligence be measured. Does an IQ test actually measure a person’s intelligence. Does a high score indicate a genius. Does a low score indicate stupidity or merely ignorance. These questions have been asked over and over again by psychiatrists and scientists alike, but to date there are no clear answers. These questions cannot be answered without first defining what is meant by the term intelligence. Once intelligence has been defined then it should be easy to answer these questions; however, multiple definitions of the word tend to lead to further confusion.... [tags: Intelligence Education School Psychology Essays]
1243 words (3.6 pages)
- Racism has been, and currently is, one of the most dominant forms of discrimination in our world. The minorities, such as those of African and Asian descent, are exposed to varying degrees of maltreatment and social pressure simply due to the color of their skin. Scientists, and other powerful figures of society have used science to try and solidify this discrimination. Using IQ tests, some attempt to claim that the minorities are simply much less intelligent than their Caucasian counterpart. Some have even gone so far to claim that those other than Caucasian are biologically inferior by nature.... [tags: IQ Tests, Correlation]
1117 words (3.2 pages)
- There are many theories that scientists, in-due circumstances, try to extrapolate as to why the brain goes through the ever-changing neuronal alterations that it goes through because of focused attention. One of these theories is one that many neuroscientists aptly call neuroplasticity. This theory, as some philosophers would have us to believe, goes against the current dogma of the materialistic viewpoints that many neuroscientists hold about the mind-body interaction. The way we focus our attention has a big effect as to how our brain changes—whether it is through the internet or through other technological devices—the way we use our brains’ neurocircuitry to focus our attention has create... [tags: Psychology, IQ Tests]
2110 words (6 pages)
- Intelligence can be defined in many different ways. This concept has been the focus of numerous studies and investigations by psychologists and other scientific experts. Intelligence can be the mental ability to reason, plan ahead, understand a wide range of complex issues and learn from past experiences (Gottfredson, 1997). Intelligence is the “resultant of the process of acquiring, storing in memory, retrieving, combining, comparing, and using in new contexts information and conceptual skills” (Humphreys, 1979) Intelligence is commonly measured through the use of a number of scales and quantitative measures, like the Intelligence Quotient (IQ), developed by Alfred Binet in early 20th cent... [tags: Intelligence]
1150 words (3.3 pages)
- According to the website, I have an IQ of 113. I feel as though a site like www.iqtest.com could produce a “g” score because they make you pay too see an analysis of your results, which indicates to me that they put some effort into producing fairly accurate scores. General intelligence, also known as “g”, describes an individual’s specific mental ability, which is measured by tasks on an IQ test (Myers p. 405). The site breaks down your overall IQ results into different categories of intelligence and gives you an IQ score for how well you tested in a given area.... [tags: Argumentative]
1085 words (3.1 pages)
- Children's IQ The controversy of the IQ test has been going on since the time of Galton. We will take a look at the pros and the cons of IQ testing. IQ testing has been debated for a long time and we will take a look at the pros for IQ testing. A major reason why IQ testing is so widely used is that they are standardised, reliable and valid. IQ testing is a very good predictor on how children will do in school. Today’s IQ testing are set up that there are certain tests for children and different tests for adults.... [tags: Papers]
648 words (1.9 pages)
- EQ vs. IQ You are four years old and are seated by yourself at the kitchen table. Your mom places one piece of your favorite candy in front of you. She explains that you can eat it right now, but if you wait while she leaves the room to do a quick chore, you can have two pieces of candy when she returns. She leaves the room. What do you do. Do you grab the gooey goody the minute she's out the door. Or do you patiently sit there resisting temptation hoping to double your treat upon her return.... [tags: Papers]
1474 words (4.2 pages)
3. Success and intelligence are not the same:
IQ tests which is take to enter schools or have a job are meaningless because success and intelligence are not the same. According to (text 4) IQ tests have a big threshold to enter schools, although there are many differences between intelligence and success. The example of Terman shows that Nobel Prize winners who are geniuses do not have high scores in IQ tests. Therefore, it is possible to take say intelligence is not important to make people successful in life. As a result, it not possible to take the IQ test as a good criterion on real success in life.
However, Cohen (1991) argued that IQ tests are a good measure to predict success in school and work. It is clear to know the educational background and have an information about people. Although, the predictions could be not perfect but that is better than not having any information. Also, some psychologists consider IQ tests a good prediction of success and it better than others.
One the other hand, intelligence is not only thing which people need to success. According to (text 4) Terman think that many geniuses had a good job but he surprised also failures people had earn good income and they might be better than others. It necessary to not depende on IQ test as measure of intelligence and success because it not possible to pass judgement on people whether are successful in their life or not. People should be given the chance to enter school or have a job instead of taking IQ tests.
4. IQ tests are used to discriminate against people:
Using IQ tests to discriminate that affect on educational background between certain races makes IQ tests insignificant(Cohen, 1991). According to "the Bell Curve" cites in Rawat (2001) IQ scores show that white people have a higher scores than black people. The discrimination between nationalities by IQ tests has negative effect and it could be an injustice. Also, the generalization of result deprive black people of chances to prove their intelligence. For example, in (text 4) Schwartz indicates that the university of Michigan law schools want the student have a high IQ scores and also care about the backgrounds. White students had higher IQ scores because they had a better educational background than others. After that the school decide to look at other student and give them chance to learn well like white students. The results were surprising because the other students doing as well as white students and they were successful. Schwartz emphasizes that the other people were clever and smart like white people.
In conclusion, this essay has shown that IQ tests are not accurate to determine the amount of people's intelligence and people cannot be relied on IQ tests as a measure. That because there are many factors affected on IQ tests such as heredity, socio-economic factors, taking the exams more times, the linked between success and intelligence and using the test badly as discriminate between people . It seems that it difficult to determined IQ scores and people cannot know the able to know the real amount of intelligent. Although, IQ test have some positive aspects as predictions for the intelligence of people. Therefore, it is clear that make many categories of tests to evaluate the intelligence in a right way. As a result, people can measure intelligence by choosing the special exam to determent a specific intelligence. After that happen it could be say people can take depend on the scores and people can evaluated intelligence significantly.