Women over the course of history have been inconspicuous in the eyes of the criminal justice system in the United States; this is very alarming, because women have started to begin doubling the incarceration rate according to the FBI’s Unified Crime Report (UCR). To understand this phenomenon one would start by utilizing scholars and various methods of crime reports to compile a list of facts and theories, however this is information isn’t as abundant as one may think. This is where one author, Joanne Belknap decided to explore in her book, The Invisible Women Gender, Crime and Justice. Belknap covers various facts, theories and even various tested empirical works which has shown failures as well as success through different mediums that try to bridge the gap in solving why women offend as well as are more law abiding. This paper will cover the various types of feminism’s, three theories that try to explore female offenders and solutions to solving the increase of women incarcerated.
Gloria Jean Watkins, is a feminist, social activist and an author, Watkins writes under her alias “bell hooks.” In hook’s book, Feminism is for Everybody, feminism was defined as the movement to end sexist oppression. Another author who has contributed in trying to bridge the gap toward females as offenders is, Joanne Belknap the author of The Invisible Women, elaborated on the word sexism. “Sexismis refers to oppressive attitudes and behaviors directed at either sex; that is sexism is discrimination or prejudice based on gender(PG8).” Women for centuries have been under various forms of discrimination and oppression. Sexism is important to understand, because hooks defined it as a strugg...
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- Michelle Alexander’s use of “Jim Crow” is a viable and useful analogy to describe the current American criminal justice system and mass incarceration. I believe our criminal justice system does not truly define justice or fairness. Also, I agree on the fact that while old “Jim Crow” laws may be dead; the current justice system serves many of the same purposes of those laws. Today, mass incarceration is the biggest issue in our criminal justice system, for mass incarceration is the new Jim Crow. Mass incarceration is a system that locks people not only behind actual bars in actual prisons, but also behind virtual bars and virtual walls-walls that are invisible to the naked eye, but function... [tags: Criminal justice, Crime, Racism, African American]
1150 words (3.3 pages)
- Aristotle (350 B.C.E) quoted in Jowett (2009) states that: “Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime. Great Philosophers such as Aristotle helped to set the foundation of what we today define as ‘crime’ showing that even in 350 B.C.E the definitions of ‘crime’ came from what was fist defined as ‘poverty’. One of the most common definition of ‘crime’ comes from the Labour Government (2007) quoted in Muncie, Talbot and Walters (2010) “Labour Governments ‘Respect’ website 2007 Crime is doing something forbidden by law.... [tags: crime, poverty, committed]
651 words (1.9 pages)
- The intersectionality of race, class and gender play an important role in the way we address the causes of crime and the way we respond to such crimes. To avoid marginalizing the most vulnerable of our populations, those with a low socioeconomic status, primarily of the minority races, we must account for the social designations when designing policy and dealing with the crime problem. Aside from race, as described thoroughly by Michelle Alexander in The New Jim Crow, gender and low socioeconomic status are to be considered.... [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Sociology, Criminology]
892 words (2.5 pages)
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984 words (2.8 pages)
- Defining the author’s statement “the damage women in commensurately with the level of threat most convicted women present to society. I believe the author is stating women are being damage because of the sentencing women are receiving from the criminal justice system. As the author states women have suffered with gender discrimination within a patriarchal society, putting males as a priority over women within the criminal justice. For example the female population has increased in incarceration rate.... [tags: Crime, Criminal law, Drug addiction]
1500 words (4.3 pages)
- Feminist theories are needed because they recognize that there are gender inequalities in society; however they seek to create a more balanced scale between the sexes. Some myths about feminism are that the theories are geared towards women and that they lack objectivity, but they provide us with abstract thoughts and analysis that will help to obtain gender equality. They provide evidence of the difference between male and female crime from various theoretical aspects. Some of those aspects include biological, sociological, and physiological factors.... [tags: Gender, Gender role, Gender studies, Sociology]
1018 words (2.9 pages)
- Like what Justice Mclachlin mentioned above, it is clear that the government did not care much for their Aboriginal wellbeing and culture (Article). This mindset may also be shared amongst the police force as well as many missing aboriginal cases are often ignored as seen with the case of Daleen Kay Bosse (Video). However, despite criticisms placed on the police force for their lack of initiatives, according the Canada statistics, aboriginal women were equally as satisfied as their non-aboriginal women counterparts with the service of the police force (Brennan, 2011).... [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Police, Race]
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- In the previous years the number of incarcerated women have increased drastically. According to the authors the recent change in arrest patterns could be because of the constructionist approach which focuses on shifts in law enforcement practices or other mechanisms of crime control to explain changes in arrest patterns.” (Schwartz, Steffensmeir & Feldmeyer, Pg.9) According to Beth Richie, “ women constitute a small fraction of the total population but the number of women incarceration rates are growing more significantly then their male counterparts… Women constituted for 16% of all people detained in correctional facilities.” (Beth Richie, Pg.2) Compared to why men are put in prison majori... [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Corrections]
985 words (2.8 pages)
- Aristotle (350 B.C.E) quoted in Jowett, B. (2009) states that: “Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime. Great Philosophers such as Aristotle helped to set the foundation of what we today define as ‘crime’, showing that even in 350 B.C.E the definition of ‘crime’ came from what was fist defined as ‘poverty’. This essay aims to critically evaluate the complexities of ‘crime’ and ‘social harm’ by first defining what we believe crime to be. By doing this we can then look at where this definition stops and where the ideas of social harm start.... [tags: poverty, Muncie, Talbot, Walters, criminology]
1695 words (4.8 pages)
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1161 words (3.3 pages)
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