One of the first topics relating to genetic manipulations is cloning. The basic goal of cloning is to discover and understand the functions of specific DNA sequences and the proteins these sequences encode. One of the starting points for DNA cloning is libraries including genomic libraries and the more specific cDNA libraries. Genomic libraries are collections of DNA fragments that together comprise the genome of an organism while cDNA libraries are defined as a collection of complementary DNA strands derived from mRNAs of a particular tissue...
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...ng RNAi shows great progress towards possible treatments for colorectal carcinoma.
A new technology that is currently in constant use for different medical research is DNA microarray technology. This technology is used to tell if an organism has any mutation in a particular gene. Therefore, microarrays can be used to examine patterns of gene expression. Scientists are using the technology to test people to see if they have any particular gene sequences that have been proven to cause a mutation that leads to a disease. Another use for the technology is determining what types of drugs and medications are the best to prescribe to patients. This is due to the fact that genes play a role in how our body responds to the chemicals from different medications . DNA Microarray technology is fairly new, but is already leading to new genetic innovations at an exponential rate.
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