Essay The Invasion Of The Mongol Empire

Essay The Invasion Of The Mongol Empire

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13th century marked the appearance of the mighty Mongol empire, which was expanding its territories through conquering China and Korea with an unstopable force. After the invasion that turned Korea into a Mongol vassal state, the Mongol’s empire decided to turn their focus on the new target, Japan – which still had no idea about the existence of the powerful empire that was spreading its domination throughout Asia. However, even with tremendous efforts and superior military power, this is still the first time the Mongols had a taste of defeat, and ultimately, the invasion became the most memorable failure in the Mongol’s history.
The first invasion of the Mongol’s troop began with a letter from Kublai Khan- the Mongol’s emperor to the Japan’s ruler, stated the differences in power between the two nations, and simply asked the Japan to surrender and open the gate for their new ruler. That “humble” offer was unquestionally turned down by the King of Japan, and in the next five or six years, the King didn’t even permit the Mongol’s messengers to land on their main island. In 1272, by starting to build vessels and forming a new army force, Kublain Khan showed his determination in conquering Japan. The Mongol’s army set sail to Japan in 1274, with an incredibly powerful force: hundreds of ships, and even larger numbers of small boat; an army consist of 15000 Mongols and Chinese soldiers, 8000 Korean soldiers, led by Mongol’s commanders. In the meantime, the Japan could only put together an army of samurais from different clans, with the total number of 10000. Statistically, the Japan’s army was outnumbered hard, and their combat was not even superior compare to the Mongol’s troop. The fighting style of samurai warriors mostly depended...


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...asions, the Mongols army had shown their unmatchable power in this period of time, but also exposed their naval combat weaknesses. On the Japan side, eventhough they were able to achieve victory, the samurais had appeared to be the inferior force, with the ineffective one-on-one fighting style and the lack of coordination ,due to the first time fighting together to protect their nation instead of fighting against each others. The Mongols invasions also marked the appearance of the term “kamikaze”, or “divine winds”, due to the two miraculous typhoon that save Japan from the Mongol’s conquest. The term strengthens the belief that Japan can not be defeated, because they have “god” fighting on their side to protect their country. That’s the reason why the Japansese leadership use that’s term for their suicide attacks on American ships at the end of the Second World War.

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