Intrinsic versus Extrinsic Motivation Essay

Intrinsic versus Extrinsic Motivation Essay

Length: 1339 words (3.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Intrinsic versus Extrinsic Motivation
Introduction
The success of any business depends on the productivity and satisfaction of its employees. Employees need to be motivated to work. Motivation can be defined as the inner force that drives individuals to accomplish personal and organizational goals. Motivation can be either intrinsic or extrinsic. For an individual to be motivated in a work situation there must be a need, which the individual would have to perceive a possibility of satisfying through some reward. Intrinsic motivation stems from motivations that are inherent and arise from performing the task of the job itself, which the individual gets a feeling of either positive or negative motivation as a result of successfully completing the task or attaining his or her goals. An employee may feel motivated to perform a task because doing so gives that worker a sense of accomplishment, mastery, or self-fulfillment. On the other hand, extrinsic motivations are those that are external to the task of the job, including things such as pay, work condition, fringe benefits, security, promotion, contract of service, recognition, the work environment, and conditions of work. Such extrinsic, or tangible, motivations are often determined at the organizational level and may be, for the most part, outside the control of individual.
Benefits of Intrinsic Motivation
Intrinsic motivation is those rewards that can be termed psychological motivations. Examples of this type of intangible motivation are opportunity to use one’s ability, a sense of challenge and achievement, receiving appreciation, positive recognition, and being treated in a caring and considerate manner. In essence, active task participation is its own...


... middle of paper ...


...f Extrinsic Rewards on Intrinsic Motivation: More Smoke Than Fire. World at Work Journal, 2, 17–29. Retrieved from http://ceo.usc.edu/pdf/Ledford_Fang_Gerhart_2013_Intrinsic_Rew_WaWJ.pdf
Lei, S. A. (2010). Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation: Evaluating Benefits and Drawbacks from College Instructors' Perspectives. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 37(2), 153-160.
Ryan, R. M. (1999). A Meta-Analytic Review of Experiments Examining the Effects of Extrinsic Rewards on Intrinsic Motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 125(6), 627-668.
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations: Classic Definitions and New Directions. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 25, 54-67. Retrieved from http://mmrg.pbworks.com/f/Ryan,+Deci+00.pdf
Sansone, C. (2000). Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation: The Search for Optimal Motivation and Performance. Academic Press.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay On Motivation And Motivation

- Motivation: The Drive Within Throughout history, motivation has been one of the components to survival. Motivation is needed to get up in the morning and go on about the day in order to survive. As humans began to evolve, so did society, which meant our drive and motivation were derived from different goals rather than one common one. Rather than depending on biological drive, humans started to depend on the system of rewarding the good behavior and punishing the bad. This operating is known as Motivation 2.0 (Pink, 2009)....   [tags: Motivation, Employment, Reward system]

Strong Essays
1562 words (4.5 pages)

Motivation And Goal Setting Essay

- Motivation & Goal Setting Motivation is defined as the process that initiates, guides and maintains goal-oriented behaviours. Motivation is what causes us to act, whether it is getting a glass of water to reduce thirst or reading a book to gain knowledge. Goal Setting is where we set specific targets aims that we wish to achieve, they need to be S.M.A.R.T or else they become dreams rather than believable goals. . Goal setting is key in motivation; goals need to be clear, sharp, and realistic. To make these feel more achievable it is better to break these down into smaller medium-term goals and medium-term goals into short-term goals so that you have a clear connection between what one does e...   [tags: Motivation, Goal]

Strong Essays
961 words (2.7 pages)

Essay about Personal Statement On Self Motivation

- Maintaining Self-Motivation Self-motivation is a skill that we learn as we grow. This skill comes from the values that are rooted in a person’s core. They provide a foundation for the behavior one will exude on a day-to-day basis, both in a personal and professional setting. Building motivation is very much a psychological process that is found in the interaction between a person and their environment, where our values are developed. Researchers, Latham and Pinder (2005) state that values are an integral part of a person’s life as they serve as guiding principles, which direct and sustain our behavior (p....   [tags: Motivation, Management]

Strong Essays
892 words (2.5 pages)

Motivation Causes Goal Setting and Action to Achieve Our Dreams Essay

- ... REF "Intrinsic motivation occurs when we act without any obvious external rewards. We simply enjoy an activity or see it as an opportunity to explore, learn, and actualize our potentials." (Coon & Mitterer, 2010). An example of intrinsic motivation is for a runner to complete a marathon for themselves without external factors influencing. Research has shown that offering external rewards for an already internally rewarding activity can actually make the activity less intrinsically rewarding, known as the over justification effect....   [tags: athletes, intrinsic, sports]

Strong Essays
894 words (2.6 pages)

Research Based Strategies And Techniques For Employee Dissatisfaction And Lack Of Motivation

- Introduction The goal of any organization is to have a workforce that works to its fullest potential. When the workforce is constantly moving in the direction towards the achievement of the mission statement a leader can often say they have a highly motivated workforce. Ultimately, it is the responsibility of the organization’s leadership and upper management to find a way to bring out the best in their employees. Finding research-based strategies and techniques to truly motivate employees is a necessary skill that all leaders must possess....   [tags: Motivation, Employment]

Strong Essays
1360 words (3.9 pages)

Extrinsic Motivation And Intrinsic Motivation Essay

- Introduction Motivation can be defined as one’s direction and action to behavior. To be motivated means to be moved to do something (Ryan & Deci, 2000), also a person who feels activated and ambitious toward an end is considered motivated, whereas someone who feels inspiration to do something is characterized as unmotivated. Rather, there are different kinds of motivation, such as extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation and amotivation. In this article, the dominant areas I would like to research are about extrinsic and intrinsic motivation, which directly related to students’ performance in school....   [tags: Motivation, Education, Academic degree]

Strong Essays
1205 words (3.4 pages)

Extrinsic Motivation And Intrinsic Motivation Essay

- An employee is one of the most important stakeholders within an organization. Without employees labor can not be accomplished. One of the attributes of a quality manager includes being able to motivate their subordinates. Our text describes motivation as “The psychological forces that determine the direction of a person’s behavior in an organization, a person’s level of effort, and a person’s level of persistence” (Jones, George 201 1). Motivation explains what persuades an individual’s actions....   [tags: Motivation, Maslow's hierarchy of needs]

Strong Essays
1102 words (3.1 pages)

Extrinsic Motivation And Intrinsic Motivation Essay

- According to Richard M. Ryan and Edward L. Deci (2000), to be motivated which means ‘to be moved’ to do something. A person who feels no drive or encouragement to act is described as unmotivated while someone who is energized or make active toward goals is considered motivated. The purposes of people who are motivated are to achieve certain goals such as earn more money or gain promotion. Employees may work hard for one of two reasons: intrinsic motivation or extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation is defined as the doing of an activity for itself such as Psychological and Job satisfaction (Richard M....   [tags: Motivation, Maslow's hierarchy of needs]

Strong Essays
1351 words (3.9 pages)

Extrinsic Motivation And Intrinsic Motivation Essay

- 1. What is the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. How do these types of motivation influence an individual’s ability to be successful. The definition of intrinsic motivation is that the student has a drive or grit as a self motivator, “Intrinsic aspirations - to help other improve their lives, to learn, and to grow- or what we might think of as “purpose goals”( Pink 142). An extrinsic motivation is one of external drive such as wealth or getting a good grade in school. “Extrinsic aspirations- for instance, to become wealthy or to achieve fame- what we might call profit goals” (Pink 142) The difference between them is that the intrinsic is a desire from within the psych o...   [tags: Motivation, Reward system, Self-esteem]

Strong Essays
1111 words (3.2 pages)

Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation Essay

- When a person plans or wants to do something, he or she has a motivation for that specific thing. In other words, when a person does something, that person has a reason why he or she should do that thing. Not always there is a reason to do something, but sometimes may be many reasons that are backing a person to take those actions to do it. This happens not only to humans, or living organisms, but also in nonliving organisms. An example is when a rock which had bounced after it hit the floor while falling down....   [tags: Motivation, ]

Strong Essays
618 words (1.8 pages)