Hypertension is considered a major public health challenge all over the world because of its high prevalence and its high risk of complications (Whelton et al, 1997). It is also recognised to be a universal risk factor for mortality and morbidity, and the most significant modifiable risk factor for renal failures, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and premature deaths (Ezzati et al, 2002). In the U.K, Hypertension is one of the most common conditions associated with heavy morbidity and substantial cost of healthcare (Faculty of Public Health, 2005). Therefore, there is a pressing need for intervention by prevention, early diagnosis, and control.
Figure 1: An epidemiological data showing the blood pressure reading by survey year for all adults in the U.K from 2003-2010 (Health Survey for England, 2011)
(Blood Pressure reading by Omron values) SURVEY YEAR
Normotensive untreated 69.4 - 69.8 70.6 70.0 69.9 70.6 69.8
Hypertensive controlled 5.7 - 7.7 7.3 8.2 8.7 7.7 10.6
Hypertensive uncontrolled 7.0 - 7.5 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.6 7.1
Hypertensive untreated 17.9 - 15.0 15.3 15.3 14.7 15.0 12.5
All high blood pressure 30.6 - 30.2 29.4 30.0 30.1 29.4 30.2
Figure 2: Health Promotion Intervention Plan: Overview
1. Pre-planning & Project Management: This is the first stage of the plan which involves the allocation of roles to key stakeholders collaborating on decisions, data collection, and data analysis in the time frame and budget of the intervention. The key stakeholders are Public health advisors a...
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...ure 4: A worksheet template of Objectives and Indicators.
1. Health and Social Care Information Center :Blood pressure level using Omron values and 2003 definition, by survey year, age and sex; 2011
2. Kearneya, P, Wheltona, M, Reynold, K, Whelton, P and Jiang, H : Worldwide prevalence of hypertension: a systematic review 2004, 22:11–19
3. McKenzie, J.F., and Smeltzer, J.L. Planning, Implementing and Evaluating Health PromotionPrograms: A Primer (second edition) Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1997.
4. Metropolitan Toronto District Health Council Needs-Impact Based Planning Model Metro Toronto DHC, 1996
5. Visser SL. The soldier and autonomy. In: Beam TE, Spracino LR, eds. Military Medical Ethics. Vol. 1. Falls Church, VA: Office of the Surgeon General; 2003:251–66
6. World Health Organization Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion Geneva: WHO, 1986.
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