When someone sets up direct access to the Internet, their computer is provided a copy of TCP/IP program just as every other computer that you may send messages to or get information from also has a copy of TCP/IP (source1). This two-layer program uses the client/server concept to communicate with another computer in the network. Therefore, a computer user or client will send out a request and receive a service by another user (server) in the network. An example of this setup would be sending and receiving a Webpage. TCP/IP is designed as a point-to-point communication as it is from one host computer to another point (host computer) in a network. Furthermore, this communications protocol can als...
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...shed at a different frequency.
Technology associated communications/networking is continuingly evolving and improving at a fast pace. IT departments for big corporations along with individuals assigned to smaller companies responsible for software and equipment oversight must establish a relationship/utilize reliable vendors, attend necessary training, and be familiar with network specifications. Moreover, they must be intimately familiar with TCP/IP protocols and OSI models for efficiently. Some industry leading vendors for hardware and software include Cisco, Oracle, and Microsoft. The right network equipment will drastically improve system reliability and performance. As such, the IT department/assigned personnel should conduct quarterly surveys along with detailed research from other sources to determine the needs at hand prior to a systems end of life cycle.
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