Trade Problems of Developing Nations
In addressing the question, “Fair trade: Is it always ‘unfair’ for the developing countries” (Aditya, 2013), economists have argued that “the implication of fair trade on poverty [dirty exports and use of child labour] depend[s] on the sources of perverse comparative advantage” (p. 20). While developed nations decry the use of child labor in the garment industry in many developing countries and dirty exports of goods with high pollution content such as ferrous and non-ferrous metals, refined petroleum, and paper manufacture, capital flight from developed countries to these developing economies belies the very criticisms made of these industries. As Aditya (2013) points out, “a ban on the use of child labour...
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