International Relations And Global Politics Essay

International Relations And Global Politics Essay

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Perhaps one of the most frequently discussed topics in international relations today is the diminishing power of the nation state and subsequent growth of a global economy. Traditionally, the state is considered to play a leading role in global affairs; however, due to advances in communications technology and the expansion of international trade following the Cold War, the world has seen the establishment of an increasing number of non-state actors in global politics. The shift away from a state-centric model of international government has produced many positive changes to global politics, but has also highlighted many issues and challenges. Through examination of the role of international organizations in resolving crises, the effectiveness and legitimacy (or lack thereof) of new methods of global governance, the achievability of global governance, and the interconnectivity of states and non-state actors in regards to global affairs, it can be determined that the state is no longer the most powerful actor in global politics. Non-state actors, particularly international organizations such as the United Nations (UN) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), have become just as powerful, if not more powerful, than states.

In recent years, particularly during the late twentieth century, the world has witnessed significant growth in its number of international organizations, accompanied by an increase in global interdependence (Weiss, Seyle, & Coolidge, 2013). This growth has contributed to a shift in the dynamics of global politics that includes greater involvement of non-state actors in global problem-solving and policymaking (Falkner, 2011). This involvement, however, may not necessarily be sufficient or effective. For exampl...


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...ntion in global conflicts, assertion of authority, and interdependency with states, international organizations have proven their ability to get others to do things that they normally would not, the very definition of power according to Payne (2013). The process of globalization has altered the global political system in a way that allows for easy, efficient communication between states, and this has helped to ensure that conflicts are resolved, laws are enforced, and new policies are implemented as needed. Although evidence suggests that non-state actors are not necessarily the most powerful actors in global politics, they are certainly more powerful than they used to be. Overall, were it not for several international organizations, with particular attention being paid to the IMF and the UN, the way the world is governed would look very different than it does today.

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