Essay on International Healthcare Comparisons

Essay on International Healthcare Comparisons

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International Healthcare Comparisons
Globally, countries struggle with the challenge of providing adequate healthcare services to all their citizens. The United States spent approximately 17.6% of its GDP on healthcare in 2010, which could escalate to close to 19.6% in 2021 if cost containing measures are not put in place to control healthcare spending (The Commonwealth Fund, 2012). Even with this large amount of healthcare spending, the U.S. has almost 50 million residents without health insurance and 29 million who are underinsured (The Commonwealth Fund, 2012). Tanner (2008) estimates “total U.S. healthcare spending exceeds $1.8 trillion dollars, more than Americans spend on housing, food, national defense, or automobiles” (p.2). The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) was passed in the U.S. in 2010, and is projected to decrease the number of uninsured by 30 million by 2022 (The Commonwealth Fund, 2012). However, the question remains should the U.S. implement a universal healthcare system where all its’ citizens are equally provided healthcare services? This paper discusses if universal healthcare is the best method of providing health services, rationing of healthcare services, approaches to generating healthcare revenues, safety nets for access barriers, marketing of pharmaceuticals, and the importance of primary healthcare services.
Is Universal Healthcare Superior?
Many people wonder why the U.S. does not adopt a universal system to ensure all their citizens have access to a health services. In a universal healthcare system, all people are given equal access to basic level services (Rashford, 2007). Rashford (2007) states in a universal system the inequalities are reduced so those who cannot affor...


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...S. Forum for Health Economics and Policy, 10(1), 1-43.
Rashford, M. (2007). A universal healthcare system: Is it right for the United States?
Nursing Forum, 42(1), 3-11.
Tanner, M.D. (2008). The grass is not always greener: A look at national health care

systems around the world. Retrieved from: http://www.cato.org/publications/

policy-analysis/grass-is-not-always-greener-look-national-health-care-systems-

around-world
Wachter, R. (2013, Nov. 20). Affordable Care Act: How Obama’s legislation could be

changed.The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from http://online.wsj.com/news/

articles/SB10001424052702304439804579206243919162548

Yugi, K., Imoto, S., Yamaguchi, R., Matsumura, T., Murashige, N., Kodama, Y., Minayo,
S., Imai, K., & Kami, M. (2012). Forecasting Japan’s physician shortage in 2035
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