International Atomic Energy Agency Essay

International Atomic Energy Agency Essay

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International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Japan on Role of Nuclear Energy in the World’s Electricity Supply

Introduction
Since the first atomic bomb was detonated over Hiroshima and Nagasaki to end World War II, nuclear capabilities and options expanded to include commercial and industrial power. However, early incidents such as the Three Mile Island accident of 1979 helped to start the anti-nuclear sentiment (http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Safety-and-Security/Safety-of-Plants/Three-Mile-Island-accident/). As the United States was limiting nuclear energy reactors and usage, another reactor failure occurred that was catastrophic in releasing radioactive steam and gas. In addition, the reactor failure contaminated areas including Belarus, the Russian Federation, and Ukraine and also its inhabitants, causing significant health risks and damage (http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/fact-sheets/chernobyl-bg.html). Because the accident affected Europe as global winds pushed hazardous materials towards Europe, the European countries were affected to an extent. Following the Chernobyl incident, nuclear energy program in the world was weakened again as European countries who had previously considered nuclear energy now dropped its support and instead rallied against nuclear energy. Since then, the international community, along with the United Nations adopted many strategic safety protocols recommended to build and maintain a nuclear power reactor. Similarly, the recent Fukushima accident revived the anti nuclear power sentiment, as it showed flaws of a supposed system meant to be foolproof and self contained. Following such incident, a meeting sponsored by IAEA was held at its headquarters to discuss “completing safety review...


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...Web. 31 Dec. 2013.
"'The Energy of a Bright Tomorrow': The Rise of Nuclear Power in Japan | Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective." 'The Energy of a Bright Tomorrow': The Rise of Nuclear Power in Japan | Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Jan. 2014.
"Fukushima, Chernobyl and UN-Sponsored Nuclear Safety Reforms." Fukushima, Chernobyl and UN-Sponsored Nuclear Safety Reforms. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2014.
"How a Nuclear Reactor Makes Electricity." How Does a Nuclear Reactor Make Electricity? N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2014.
"Japanese Nuclear Policy after the 2013 Upper House Elections." Center for Strategic and International Studies. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Jan. 2014.
"Nuclear Power in the World Today." Nuclear Power Today. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Jan. 2014.
"Three Mile Island Accident." Three Mile Island. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Jan. 2014.

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