The rapid technological evolution and the growth in the population around the world are playing considerable role in creating new levels of intercultural communicate both locally and globally. People now can get the information from any spots on the planets easily through many televisions channels. Also, gaining huge amount of knowledge from every part around the world is provided by computer networks. Computer networks facilitate the communications as well. Beside create new opportunities, technological and demographic evolutions provide significant challenges to the people. Communicating successfully in another language depends on shifting the frames of reference, norms, and assumptions (Kinzer, 2003). In other words, when individuals use another language effectively, they must adopt new perspectives about communication and language and not just focus on the structure and vocabulary. Reading, writing and discussion of texts will help learner to understand another way of thinking. Actually, there are needs to embrace issues of cultural identity and for an inclusive process in how reading and writing are being taught. In this regard, language appeared as one of the most essential aspects of culture and social being. Language is not the only mean which individuals create activities and identities. Also, language is not enough to be recognised in a specific community or group. Person must behave and act in ways considered right among this community or group.
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Forms of literacy
There are variety criteria of literacy that have been explained by different intellectuals. These forms are functional literacy, cultural literacy, and critical literacy. Functional literacy denotes a level of skill ...
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...ze and develop texts in different ways. By portrayed literacy primarily as an individual, the differences in the purposes, functions and social importance of literacy across different cultural contexts is often ignored.
Research denotes that specific cultural and social necessity and anticipations create the objectives of writing and reading. Therefore, not general and not individually independent in nature (Kern, 2000). Concerns rise from these results about the degree to which literacy can be viewed as a set of capabilities that can be easily moved from the context of one language to another. Since the utilize of text between the societies may vary across cultures and context, the native language learner may not be successful in using a new language. In other words, learners must concentrate on the particular contexts and when can person consider literate.
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