Intelligence Theories And Aims Of Intelligence Tests Essay

Intelligence Theories And Aims Of Intelligence Tests Essay

Length: 1065 words (3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Intelligence tests have been developed by scientists as a tool to categorize army recruits or analyze school children. But still discussing what intelligence is, academics have a difficult time defining what intelligence tests should measure. According to the American researcher Thorndike, intelligence is only that what intelligence tests claim it is (Comer, Gould, & Furnham, 2013). Thus, depending on what is being researched in the test and depending on the scientist’s definition of intelligence the meaning of the word intelligence may vary a lot. This essay will discuss what intelligence is in order to be able to understand the intelligence theories and aims of intelligence tests.
When different experts where asked to describe what intelligence is, they could not find one common definition but agreed that it includes the ability to learn from experience and to adapt to the environment (Comer et al., 2013). They further stated that it includes the ability to solve problems, think logically, reason well and show intelligent behavior by good articulation (Flangan, Harrison, 2005).
Scientists argue for fixed intelligence as well as for environmental determination in the debate which is the biggest influence on intelligence. Darwin’s theory of the survival of the fittest supports the assumption that intelligence is passed on genetically (Hunt, 1961). Because only the most intelligent individuals survive, only they can reproduce. Moreover, studies with different family members show a high correlation in the IQ-test results, whereas there are almost no similarities in tests taken by non-related persons (Kamin, 1974). Identical twins, having almost identical genes, have a correlation of 90 per cent whereas non-twin siblings and parents ...


... middle of paper ...


...d Wechsler became one of the most influential ones in the late 20th century (Comer et al., 2013). Even though little of his work was original he improved and combined already existing tests, thus developing the Wechsler-Bellevue scale in 1939. This test is still the most common used today because of its compatibility for adult subjects and the wider range of tested areas (Comer et al., 2013).
Intelligence is a complex, multi layered phenomenon. Many different attempts have been made to break down and define what intelligence is and where it originates from but there is still no universal definition. Psychologists have developed different theories in order to be able to test intelligence accordingly. To conclude, depending on the developers aims, intelligence test may concentrate on children’s skill to success in school or a broader knowledge and abilities of adults.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Intelligence Of Intelligence And Intelligence Tests Essay

- Kwajo Frimpong Kristel Behrend AP Seminar 14 December, 2015 Invalid Intelligence Tests People have many different standards of intelligence and it is has a high value in our society. Intelligence is something that manymost people would describe as one’syour ability to perform equations and solve problems or even know how to pick up on someone’s feelings. There are many ways that people measure intelligence. One popular way of measuring intelligence is intelligence tests which have been highly regarded by many for decades....   [tags: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale]

Better Essays
1592 words (4.5 pages)

The Theories Of Intelligence On Intelligence Essay

- Theories of Intelligence Paper Controversy, controversy, and more controversy; and, here again, we have varied opinions as to how intelligence is defined. Psychologists continue to debate as to what exactly constitutes or defines intelligence. Whether it is an aptitude, or a range of aptitudes or a single general intelligence derived from a mental ability or physical ability continues to be the argument. According to David Myers (2014) “Intelligence experts agree: Intelligence is a concept and not a “thing” (p....   [tags: Intelligence, Theory of multiple intelligences]

Better Essays
1059 words (3 pages)

Essay about Intelligence And Lack Of Intelligence Tests

- Since the first scientist man has been attempting to categorize, understand, define, and manipulate intelligence. What began as one man or woman being less intelligent than another slowly evolved with psychology under the efforts of Alfred Binet, Theodore Simons, Robert Yerkes, David Wechsler, Howard Gardner, Robert Sternberg, and countless others who studied and attempted to decipher the mysteries of intelligence or lack thereof behind the human mind and spawned the current beliefs, meanings, social ideologies, and definitions of intelligence....   [tags: Intelligence quotient, Intelligence]

Better Essays
953 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on The Examination Of Intelligence Tests

- The Examination of Intelligence Tests Intelligence is a very complex and controversial topic that has multiple different tests available for measurement. I have taken three different tests that claim to evaluate intelligence. The first intelligence test I took was by the International High IQ Society (International High IQ Society, 2014). This test was timed and consisted of eight questions. Each question provided a picture with eight frames that each contained all different shapes. The goal was to choose the ninth frame that would correctly complete the picture....   [tags: Intelligence quotient, Intelligence]

Better Essays
1242 words (3.5 pages)

The Different Theories Of Intelligence Essay

- Intelligence Critique This is an essay about the different theories of intelligence; it will discuss which theory is best at determining intelligence in my opinion. The information provided will help describe the pros and cons of each of the theories being used to define intelligence, explain why is it important to assess children’s intelligence, and discuss the type of intelligence I possess. The different theories of intelligence are complex and understanding the elements of each can help an individual choose the one that they believe is the best for determining intelligence....   [tags: Intelligence, Theory of multiple intelligences]

Better Essays
1057 words (3 pages)

Intelligence Tests : An Eminent Man Of Great Intelligence Essay

- Intelligence testing has created much debate amongst scholars; some of the concerns in the dispute question the very definition and existence of intelligence. There are issues concerning the nature nurture debate and IQ (intelligence quotient) and race (Winberg, 1989; Howe 1990). This essay defines intelligence tests and demonstrates what scholars believe intelligence tests really measure. It further explains some types of intelligence tests used worldwide, as well as an outline of how certain factors such as the family environment and schooling which can arguably act as confounds in the measurement of intelligence....   [tags: Intelligence, Intelligence quotient, Psychometrics]

Better Essays
1128 words (3.2 pages)

IQ Tests are Not an Accurate Measure of a Person's Intelligence Essay

- IQ tests are not an accurate measure of a person's intelligence. I will be analyzing the reasons why I think that IQ tests are not an accurate measure of the intelligence. These reasons will be accompanied with solid proven facts that will discount the accuracy that is falsely considered to be a part of IQ tests. Today IQ tests are a part of many instances where intelligence is being judged. Not an accurate measure The test that has today evolved as the IQ test was initially designed by Sir Francis Galton....   [tags: Intelligence]

Better Essays
880 words (2.5 pages)

The Theories Of Intelligence Are Presented By Hector 's Situation Above Essay

- Question Set 1: What challenges to the traditional, general factor (“g”) theories of intelligence are presented by Hector’s situation above. Cognitive development in middle childhood focuses on thinking and constructed knowledge. As their cognitive abilities flourish and grow, children learn to meet requirements of formal schooling. Hector’s ability to excel in pre-calculus and economics shows that he is accustomed to formal schooling and can succeed in a traditional setting. However, he is not excelling in all aspects of formal schooling based upon his poor marks in philosophy....   [tags: Intelligence, Intelligence quotient]

Better Essays
1684 words (4.8 pages)

The Theory Of Multiple Intelligence Essay

- The average person spends at least twelve years of their life in school listening to a teacher lecturing. Imagine how effective each persons schooling would be if the teachers understood how to cater to different intelligences. Gardner’s theory of Multiple Intelligence comes into play at this point. Gardner theorizes that there are around eight or nine different intelligences and each intelligence needs to be exercised in order to be refined. The goal should be to become balanced and proficient in as many intelligences as possible....   [tags: Theory of multiple intelligences, Intelligence]

Better Essays
1053 words (3 pages)

The Measurement of Intelligence through IQ Tests Essay

- The Measurement of Intelligence through IQ Tests Can intelligence be measured. Does an IQ test actually measure a person’s intelligence. Does a high score indicate a genius. Does a low score indicate stupidity or merely ignorance. These questions have been asked over and over again by psychiatrists and scientists alike, but to date there are no clear answers. These questions cannot be answered without first defining what is meant by the term intelligence. Once intelligence has been defined then it should be easy to answer these questions; however, multiple definitions of the word tend to lead to further confusion....   [tags: Intelligence Education School Psychology Essays]

Better Essays
1243 words (3.6 pages)