Intelligence Testing And Its Various Aspects Essay

Intelligence Testing And Its Various Aspects Essay

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Intelligence Testing and its Various Aspects
Intelligence testing is a highly controversial subject that involves both social and scientific issues. When the measuring of intelligence initially began during the early 20th century, psychologists used Charles Spearman’s theory to test an individual’s general intelligence (g factor) as well as their specific intelligence (s factor). Several issues arose due to this form of intelligence testing. It was quickly realized that it is very difficult to test every individual in a similar manner and “that Spearman had oversimplified the concept of intelligence” (Ciccarelli & White, 2014, p. 274). Howard Gardner proposed that there are nine different intelligences, which each took into account a variety of different characteristics. This was an appealing concept to many people. Educators supported this theory and believed it was a much more fair way of measuring a student’s intelligence. Social aspects such as cultural bias were also addressed after this theory was introduced. Many psychologists proceeded to branch out beyond this idea and proposed new concepts such as Sternberg’s Triarchic theory, Binet’s Mental Ability Test, the Intelligence Quotient (IQ) measurement, the Wechsler Tests, and emotional intelligence. There are several positive and negative aspects to intelligence testing therefore modern society continues to search for an ideal test.
Many people argue that certain forms of intelligence aren’t included in a standard intelligence test. Each individual contains their unique abilities and aptitudes that are not always considered. It is obvious that “each person manifests various degrees of attributes, such as creativity, common sense, and emotional sensitivity, which are genera...

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...its that are debated with intelligence testing. Many people find that they are unfair and too general to be accurate. Society argues poses several valid arguments against intelligence testing such as that every individual is unique and cannot be fairly judged by a general intelligence test, that the tests are culturally biased, or, that it is unfair due to genetic makeup. There are also many benefits to intelligence testing despite the negative aspects. People use intelligence tests as a ways to categorize themselves into jobs, testing has helped develop educational programs, and it helps people improve a student’s emotional intelligence. Scientists are constantly working towards improving intelligence testing. They aim to make it precise, culturally fair, and useful to the people who are taking it. Intelligence testing has revolutionized many aspects of psychology.

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