Intelligence testing is a highly controversial subject that involves both social and scientific issues. When the measuring of intelligence initially began during the early 20th century, psychologists used Charles Spearman’s theory to test an individual’s general intelligence (g factor) as well as their specific intelligence (s factor). Several issues arose due to this form of intelligence testing. It was quickly realized that it is very difficult to test every individual in a similar manner and “that Spearman had oversimplified the concept of intelligence” (Ciccarelli & White, 2014, p. 274). Howard Gardner proposed that there are nine different intelligences, which each took into account a variety of different characteristics. This was an appealing concept to many people. Educators supported this theory and believed it was a much more fair way of measuring a student’s intelligence. Social aspects such as cultural bias were also addressed after this theory was introduced. Many psychologists proceeded to branch out beyond this idea and proposed new concepts such as Sternberg’s Triarchic theory, Binet’s Mental Ability Test, the Intelligence Quotient (IQ) measurement, the Wechsler Tests, and emotional intelligence. There are several positive and negative aspects to intelligence testing therefore modern society continues to search for an ideal test.
Many people argue that certain forms of intelligence aren’t included in a standard intelligence test. Each individual contains their unique abilities and aptitudes that are not always considered. It is obvious that “each person manifests various degrees of attributes, such as creativity, common sense, and emotional sensitivity, which are genera...
... middle of paper ...
...its that are debated with intelligence testing. Many people find that they are unfair and too general to be accurate. Society argues poses several valid arguments against intelligence testing such as that every individual is unique and cannot be fairly judged by a general intelligence test, that the tests are culturally biased, or, that it is unfair due to genetic makeup. There are also many benefits to intelligence testing despite the negative aspects. People use intelligence tests as a ways to categorize themselves into jobs, testing has helped develop educational programs, and it helps people improve a student’s emotional intelligence. Scientists are constantly working towards improving intelligence testing. They aim to make it precise, culturally fair, and useful to the people who are taking it. Intelligence testing has revolutionized many aspects of psychology.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Intelligence can be defined as a means of acquiring knowledge and being able to apply it to various aspects in life. In the realm of psychology, the universal term is used interchangeably during research. According to Singh-Manoux et al. (2005), psychologists have had difficulty defining intelligence because they have constantly disagreed on its nature, with some in congruence on one construct and others drawn to the multiple factor theory. In contrast, it could also be because they never agreed on an operational definition of intelligence—meaning the variable to be measured, take for example, emotion.... [tags: Intelligence, Intelligence quotient, Alfred Binet]
1059 words (3 pages)
- Trait emotional intelligence (EI) has been repeatedly identified as a predictor of various outcomes in previous research, including physical and psychological health, psychopathology (Davis & Humphrey, 2012; Fernández-Abascal & Martín-Díaz, 2015; Mikolajczak, Petrides, & Hurry, 2009), academic performance, deviant behavior, and internalizing and externalizing problems (Cleveland, 2014; Petrides, Sangareau, Furnham, & Frederickson, 2006; Santesso, Reker, Schmidt, & Segalowitz, 2006; Gugliandolo, Costa, Cuzzocrea, Larcan, & Petrides, 2015).... [tags: Parenting styles, Psychology]
898 words (2.6 pages)
- Ethic in Assessment Paper The historical aspect is alleged that tests and testing programs first came into being in China as early as 2200 b.c.e. DuBois, (1970). Some do not reliably distinguish between people who have a particular trait or psychological problem and those who do not. However, the fault is not entirely with the tests. Test attempts to measure intelligence deprived of being pretentious by other cultural circumstantial capabilities from any type of knowledge one provision. Background and the legal implications of the decision After a group of individuals has been measured with respect to some variable the result is a series of raw scores.... [tags: Psychometrics, Clinical psychology, Psychology]
1362 words (3.9 pages)
- Get Smart: I.Q. and Emotional Intelligence Intelligence is considered to be one of the most desirable personality qualities in today's society. Expectant parents are told to read and play music to the fetus, in order to stimulate its brain. Being bright is often thought of one the keys to success in life, and highly intelligent people such as Albert Einstein are celebrated. However, despite all the tests and criteria that measure intelligence, the question still remains: what is intelligence.... [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
1686 words (4.8 pages)
- Picture this, you are sitting around a table in comfortable leather chairs with a few friends drinking cocktails and playing cards. No, you are not at a friends house on a Friday night but you are riding in your driverless car heading to the moutains for a weekend away. This is the future of the automobile in the 21st century and this technology driven by artificial intelleigence is just around the corner. Don’t freak out if driving in Nevada, and you see a car driving by iteself, the state issued the first licence for a self driven car.... [tags: artificial intelligence, vehicle, GPS]
1047 words (3 pages)
- ... The study consisted of 491 twelve year old children. Of the 491 sample, 47% where male, 53% where female; 34% where African American, 66% where Caucasian. Originally 591 surveys were randomly mailed to the parents of children who attended 20 pre-selected middle schools throughout the state of Michigan. These random letters enclosed a socio-demographic survey requesting participation from African American and Caucasian participants only, resulting in a final sample size of 491 participates. These participants went on to complete various activities which measured the richness and complexity of his or her individual creativity.... [tags: video games, education, intelligence]
823 words (2.4 pages)
- In the helping professions such as psychology, counseling, social work and education, it is imperative that we as professionals understand tests and be able to administer them properly to our clients or students. Tests should be carefully selected, as each has a purpose and as we are aware, there are biases within various tests. A biased test is one in which there are methodical distinctions in the meaning of test scores correlated to different groups. Most tests are well-formulated; however none are absolute.... [tags: Bias in Mental Testing]
1589 words (4.5 pages)
- 1. Do you think the test was a fair assessment of intelligence. I do not think that a single test can accurately assess an individual’s intelligence or their potential. Intelligence testing was once considered the most accurate way to measure an individual’s potential based on a single score. I have taken a variety of these tests throughout my lifetime, with varying results. Personally, I do not believe the results of this type of testing are a proper assessment of an anyone’s potential on its own.... [tags: Intelligence quotient, Intelligence]
1420 words (4.1 pages)
- Since the first scientist man has been attempting to categorize, understand, define, and manipulate intelligence. What began as one man or woman being less intelligent than another slowly evolved with psychology under the efforts of Alfred Binet, Theodore Simons, Robert Yerkes, David Wechsler, Howard Gardner, Robert Sternberg, and countless others who studied and attempted to decipher the mysteries of intelligence or lack thereof behind the human mind and spawned the current beliefs, meanings, social ideologies, and definitions of intelligence.... [tags: Intelligence quotient, Intelligence]
953 words (2.7 pages)
- How much information would you accept from a test that claims it can tell you all about yourself after you answer a few questions. These online psychological tests state that by taking them we can find out more about ourselves. Intelligence testing and personality assessments could be a way to find out a deeper version of yourself, but they could also be a way to box you into a generalized idea of who you are supposed to be. We should not rely on these tests alone to find a more deeper understanding of ourselves because your character can not be summed up with one phrase or number.... [tags: Intelligence quotient, Intelligence]
830 words (2.4 pages)