Definition of Intelligence
According to Cohen and Swerdlik, (2010), “Intelligence is a multifaceted capacity that manifests itself in different ways across the life span but in general included the abilities and capacities to acquire and apply knowledge to reason effectively and logically, to exhibit sound judgment, to be perceptive, intuitive, mentally alert, and able to find the right words and thoughts with facility, and to be able to cope with and adjust to new situations and new types of problems” (p. 277). This definition is very broad but inclusive. Professionals in psychology have different definitions and personal biases that make a standard definition difficult. Some professionals believe intelligence is observable but others believe life experiences influence and develop intelligence and form information to deal with future situations. Various psychologists, behavioral specialists and lay people have different definitions or ideas of what intelligence is. A widely accepted defini...
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Cohen, R.J., Swerdlik, M.E. (2010). Psychological testing and assessment: An
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Ehrler, D. J., & McGhee, R. (2008). Primary Test of Nonverbal Intelligence. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Elliott, C. (2007). Differential Ability Scales-Second Edition. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Gredler, G. R. (1999). The twelfth mental measurements yearbook/The thirteenth mental measurements yearbook (Book). Psychology in the Schools, 36(1), 79. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Net Industries and its Licensors. (2011). Racial Difference-Standarized Tests and Race. Retrieved from http://social.jrank.org/pages/529/Racial-Differences-Standardized-Tests-Race.html
Reynolds, C. R., & Voress, J. (2007). Test of Memory and Learning, Second Edition. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
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