Intellectual Disability Essay

Intellectual Disability Essay

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Intellectual disability is one of the most common disabilities in the United States. Once known as mental retardation, in 2010 a bill was signed by President Obama changing the name from mental retardation to intellectual disability. Though they name change had occurred, the description of intellectual disability had not change but the level of respect and awareness for those with the disability did. Currently, according to the reading, 1 out of 10 or 6.5 million people are living with a form of intellectual disability in the United States. For one to be classified as having intellectual disability there symptoms have had to occur prior to the age of eighteen, limit their intellectual ability as well as their adaptive behavior. Intellectual disability more in detail is a physiological impact that limits ability of a person’s mental capacity to do the following:
• Communicate – communication is limited in the person ability to send and receive information. Lacking in this area makes it difficult for students to receive instruction
• Handle conceptual skills – Conceptual skill include but limited to the ability to problem solve, count money for daily transactions, reading and writing skills.
• Practical skills – Practical skills are skills that help a person be able to live independently and be able to take care of themselves. These skille would include things like daily hygiene, safety, and housekeeping.
• Social skills or intellectual skills- These skills are the skills need for a person to interact with people on a day-to-day, follow laws, getting frustrated with daily challenges, and using inappropriate behavior with understanding it is not okay.
For a person who lives with intellectual disability, while others are lear...


... middle of paper ...


...e a quality live independently. All they need are the extra support, accommodations, and a slower pace.



References:
Turnbull, A., Turnbull, R., Shogren, K.A., & Wehmeyer, M. (2013). Exceptional lives: Special education in today’s schools (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River. Pearson
Intellectual disabilities: Matthew’s Story (2011). Retrieved from http://nichcy.org/state-organization-search-by-state
Kanaitsa, Wistrom, Elizabeth (2012). IEP Transition Plans for Students with Disabilities. Retrieved from http://www.brighthubeducation.com/special-ed-law/74051-sample-iep-transition-plans-for-students-with-disabilities/
Lapaglia MA, Michael (2012). What is Intellectual Disability? Retrieved from http://youtu.be/PEa4bs4KJx0
Bethesda Institute's "Intellectual Disability," learn what an intellectual disability is. (2011). Retrieved from http://youtu.be/V_mTP9WLdcI

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