Purpose of Project
The goal of this project was to test a unit of instruction designed to teach 3rd grade students comprehension strategies to help them become better readers. The formative evaluation investigated whether the unit was effective at teaching ten comprehension related objectives and identified areas for improvement in the unit.
Subject Matter Expert (SME) Phase. The subject matter expert read and evaluated the unit using a checklist of characteristics, and then shared her thoughts with the researcher in a questionnaire using the checklist to help guide her.
One-to-One Phase. Three diverse students were presented with the unit in a one-to-one format, observed during the lessons using a checklist, and given a questionnaire after the unit to gin their impressions. They were given a post test for the unit that included questions about the ten objectives.
Small Group Phase. A group of six diverse students were presented the unit. They were given a post test after they were taught the unit and asked for their impressions of the lessons that taught each objective using a questionnaire after the post test.
The SME found that more than one book needed to be added to each lesson, but thought that they general approach of the unit would enhance students learning, provided there was enough instructor support. Since the SME is well-versed in reading, her support indicates that the unit is pedagogically sound.
All students in both the one-to-one and small group phases scored on average an 80% on the post test. Students on average mastered the objectives taught in the unit. This quantitative measure of mastery indicates that the ...
... middle of paper ...
...ing tips can be found from professional journals, which also supplies the research to back up their claims.
I have also gained the confidence to do research. Inspired by the formative evaluation for this project, I can see myself doing more formative evaluations. I enjoy trying to find the best way to teach students each objective or topic. If I can not only find new ways of teaching, but also document the success of those teaching methods through research, I will be able to impact more students than those in my classroom.
In short, I finally feel like a real teacher. I not only know what is effective but why it is effective and the research that proves it is effective. I am more confident to try new things and share my findings with others. I look forward to continuing to sharpen my skills and be a part of the teaching community in the years to come.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... Used correctly, balanced literacy has the potential to meet the needs of all students at their own individual level. All components of reading, including phonics, phonemic awareness, vocabulary, fluency, comprehension, speaking and listening, and writing are taught using this framework. Balanced literacy provides instruction by various methods. The use of read aloud, shared reading, guided reading, independent reading, word study, and writing are all used to provide students with a release of responsibility model in which they go from guided to independent work (Frey, 2005).... [tags: reading comprehension, common core, leadership ]
789 words (2.3 pages)
- RTI Resource 1: Fuchs, L.S. Mathematics Intervention at the Secondary Prevention Level of Mult-Tier Prevention System: Six Key Principles. Retrieved from rtinetwork.org. The article reviews and describes the six instructional principles that math interventions at the Tier 2 level must incorporate in an effort to assist struggling students and close the achievement gap. The first principle, instructional explicitness, was created in response to the fact that students with math disabilities benefit from explicit instruction where teachers explicitly share the information that students need to learn (Fuchs).... [tags: Assistance, Incorporation]
704 words (2 pages)
- In, an attempt to improve the integration of available technology, educators and policymakers are reevaluating ways to incorporate technology into the grade level performance standards without separating the two educational standards (Collins & Halverson, 2009). Presently, students and teachers have the ability to transmit information through third and fourth generation technological resources; yet, few take advantage of the endless educational possibilities (Francis & Mishra, 2008; Marino, Sameshima, & Beecher, 2009; Koehler & Mishra, 2006; Sharples, 2007; Su Luan & Teo, 2009).... [tags: Education]
1897 words (5.4 pages)
- Introduction According to Mayer (2009) ID Instruction decides how instructions works to help students learn content skills. Mayer stated there are four elements that are included in learning, which are (1) dual theory_ This theory suggests that verbal and visual stimuli are processed separately, however they work together with memory. (2) limited working memory is able to hold a limited number of “chunks” of information at one time that requires us to make choices about using the resources. (3) active processing multimedia learning information includes association between the word-based and image-based representations.” (4) information transfer_effective learning takes place, when student... [tags: Education, Learning, Educational psychology]
1239 words (3.5 pages)
- John Steinbeck once said that, "Learning to read is probably the most difficult and revolutionary thing that happens to the human brain"("John Steinbeck", n.d.). Developmental brain stages that begin as early as birth have been linked to literary achievement. By being exposed to language and stimulus, infants begin to establish essential cognitive and language skills. These beginning skills are built upon so that initially, spoken language is acquired and eventually, written language can be understood(Hopkins, Green, Brookes, 2013).... [tags: Reading, Orthography, Reading, Phonology]
2135 words (6.1 pages)
- Teaching a student was once just that; teaching. The past ten years have required a much more formal analysis from teachers about how their students are doing and what they, as teachers, should do about it. Teachers have now become students of data. They must prepare students for tests (usually standardized), and, a few months later, teachers receive results from those tests. It is at that point that teachers should learn from the data that is provided to them via test results. The teachers are given data, but how should they use it.... [tags: Education]
856 words (2.4 pages)
- Introduction Children that have autism tend to have greater difficulty obtaining the information and curriculum of language arts in a baseline teaching classroom environment. Ferraioli and Harris states that if provided with an appropriate educational and interventional experience beginning early in their lives, can move into and benefit from a more typical educational setting (Ferraioli & Harris 2011; e.g., Lovaas 1987; Smith et al. 2000) . Baseline teaching styles consist of instruction from the teacher or para professional and the student is only interacting with the teacher, para professional, or tutors (i.e.... [tags: language, class environment, interactions]
1606 words (4.6 pages)
- During the 2009-2010 school year we will continue to implement and improve the Reading First Program in grades Kindergarten through third. The same core, McMillan-Mcgraw Hill, Tier II, Tier III materials, schedule requirements and guidelines for the 2007-2008 school year will be followed. All reading instruction will be based on SBRR and focus on the five essential components of reading instruction. Additional staff have been secured for the primary grades for the upcoming year the structure will be as follows: Kindergarten (2 teachers), First Grade (2 teachers), Second Grade (1 teacher), Third Grade (1 teacher), SPED (1 teacher), Title staff ( 3 staff which will be K-6).... [tags: elementary Education, literacy, early childhood]
1129 words (3.2 pages)
- From my observations, the third problem and another new teachers’ big challenge is classroom management. The new teachers are particularly unprepared for dealing with behavior problems in their classrooms. Per Melnick & Meister (2008, p.3), “Teachers with three years or fewer on the job are more than twice as likely as teachers with more experience (19 percent versus 7 percent) to say that student behavior is a problem in their classrooms.” According to the article, many beginning teachers responded that their preservice programs did very little to prepare them for the realities of classrooms, including dealing with unruly students.... [tags: Education, Psychology, Lesson plan, Behavior]
819 words (2.3 pages)
- Instructional Problem Basic Reading Skills are the biggest problem that Third Graders face. Reading Skills are vital to the academic success of students in the classroom. This in return affects a student’s life dramatically depending on the reading grade level of that student. Reading Fluency and Comprehension are two of the biggest problems. These two play a major role in academic achievement in the classroom as well as achievement on state test. Both Reading Fluency and Comprehension give support to Grade Level Reading Skills.... [tags: students, success, fluency, comprehension]
895 words (2.6 pages)