Instability in Eritrea and its Impact on the United States Essay

Instability in Eritrea and its Impact on the United States Essay

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This paper will discuss the ability of Eritrea, a nation that is in the Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa's (CJTF-HOA) Area of Responsibility (AOR), to influence an issue of regional importance and it's affect on the interests of the United States (U.S.). The regional instability that Eritrea creates or exacerbates has a global impact on the goals of the U.S. Eritrea provides support to armed groups, who commit violence and terrorist acts. Some of the groups have a direct connection to al-Qaeda, whom the U.S. has been fighting for more than a decade. Eritrea's continued support of these armed groups, will only serve to further destabilize the region.
CJTF-HOA's vision statement: "CJTF-HOA builds and strengthens partnerships to contribute to security and stability in East Africa. The task force’s efforts, as part of a comprehensive whole-of-government approach, are aimed at increasing our African partner nations’ capacity to maintain a stable environment, with an effective government that provides a degree of economic and social advancement to its citizens. An Africa that is stable, participates in free and fair markets, and contributes to global economic development is good for the United States as well as the rest of the world. Long term stability is a vital interest of all nations" ("CJTF-HOA fact sheet", 2012). Eritrea's support to armed groups goes directly against the stated goal of increasing the African partner nations' ability to maintain stable environments and effective governments.
There is evidence that links Eritrea to providing support to armed groups in the following countries: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan. One of the most well known groups is the Harakat Shabaab al-Mujahidin (al-Sh...


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...om http://articles.cnn.com/2012-02-09/africa/world_africa_somalia-shabaab- qaeda_1_al-zawahiri-qaeda-somali-americans?_s=PM:AFRICA
Pike, J. (2011, November 07). Ethiopia / eritrea war. Retrieved from http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/eritrea.htm
CIA World Factbook-Eritrea. (2012, February 21). Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/er.html
GETTLEMAN, J. (2012, March 15). Ethiopia hits at bases run by militants in eritrea. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/16/world/africa/ethiopian-troops-enter- eritrea.html?_r=1
BBC News. (2011, October 28). Us flies drones from ethiopia to fight somali militants. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-15488804
USAID budget fact sheet. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.usaid.gov/locations/sub- saharan_africa/countries/ethiopia/ethiopia_fs.pdf

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