Essay on Innovative Policing Strategies Don 't Get A Single Article

Essay on Innovative Policing Strategies Don 't Get A Single Article

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Crime peaked in the United States in 1989, and then shocked everyone with its sudden fall in the 1990s (118). From 1991 to 2001, newspapers and experts scrambled to explain this phenomenon to the American masses, but the single greatest measurable cause of the crime drop didn 't get a single article (119). Over the course of the chapter, Levitt and Dubner consider and then disregard a plethora of reasons for the reduction in crime. Innovative policing strategies don’t help, and neither does a strong economy. Also unhelpful are tougher gun control laws, the aging of the population, and a myriad other explanations. Only a few answers hold up after the authors factcheck. An increase in the police force reduced crime, but not enough to explain the extreme drop. Increased reliance on prisons and changes in the drug market also helped lower crime rates, but throughout the chapter Freakonomics argues that the actual greatest cause of the 1990s crime drop happened more than fifteen years before. In 1973, legalized abortion was suddenly granted to the entire country with the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in Roe v. Wade (137). Because of this, the typical abortion candidate was able to acquire the procedure. And then, this typically poor and unmarried young woman didn’t have a child. According to the chapter, childhood poverty and a single parent household “are among the strongest predictors that a child will have a criminal future” (139). Abortion’s hand in lowered crime rates finally came to light in the early 1990s, when the first babies born after Roe v. Wade were entering their late teens. At this point, young men are entering their criminal prime, but what this group was lacking were the babies who stood the greatest chance of being cri...


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...idden agenda, they’re just trying to figure out the world, and they’ve graciously allowed us to come along for the ride. Because of this, I believe that they are being honest about their findings.
Just before segueing into the next topic, the authors offer one final thought exercise; What if one newborn was worth 100 fetuses (145)? Apparently, this “trade off between higher abortion and lower crime” is inefficient. Because Levitt and Dubner just spent an entire chapter arguing that abortion lowers crime, this conclusion is akin to someone shooting themself in the foot. Personally, I didn’t find it effective for the sake of the argument, but it further proves how objectively the authors look at world. Truly, they present every side of the controversy. Overall, I thoroughly enjoyed the chapter. It gave me a new perspective on legalized abortion and the cycle of poverty.

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