Inner City Communities are often areas which are both densely populated and deteriorating(quote). The areas and its residents have strongly been correlated with social and economical disparity. Residents of inner city communities have been plagued with problems including: “high unemployment, poor health care, inadequate educational opportunities, dilapidated housing, high infant mortality, and extreme poverty” (Attitudes and Perceptions, n.d). Though the inner city communities have been stricken with poverty, individuals in and throughout the community have introduced recreational groups and social activities to help foster and promote creativity. (RESEARCH) Unfortunately, this effort to introduce recreational activities is still insufficient. According to a national survey conducted by Statics Canada, over 90% of Canadians aged 3-18 do not meet the national physical activity requirement (Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute, 2005). These problems are especially prevalent for children and youth who live in low-income neighborhoods, such as inner city communities (Gordon-Larsen et al., 2006; O’Loughlin et al., 1999). In Canada, approximately one-sixth of children reside in low-income neighborhoods (Statistics Canada, 2006). One must question why the youth of inner city communities are not participating in the recreational activities offered. This literature review will focus on single parent’s families living in inner city communities, with emphasis on how leisurely and recreati...
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...ositive growth. Recreational programs are offered before and after school to encourage the youth stay active. Recreational activities also allow for the residents to be more involved in their community. Though recreational programs offer numerous benefits to residents, there are also many barriers; such as a lack of both funding and awareness of programs. Children from single parent families are directly impacted by these constraints as most recreational activates are located out-side the inner city communities and require additional fees. Thus, single income families are faced with two constraints; money and time. The additional cost required to participate is substantial for single income families, causing many individuals to opt out. The time constraint caused by travelling requirements to get to the activities put individuals further at a disadvantage.
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