Initiative and Ideologies: Liberalism and Social Democracy as Applied to Modern Legislation

Initiative and Ideologies: Liberalism and Social Democracy as Applied to Modern Legislation

Length: 1107 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview


In 2004 a Swiss banker called the upper class’ demand for increasingly high salaries as “a call to class warfare from above.” (Baer) The new decade has seen outcry against a growing discrepancy in wealth. The global financial crisis exacerbated the already prominent fiscal divide. Ideological thinkers have been wrestling with resolution of this exact divide for centuries. Modernly Switzerland has attempted to regulate monetary divides by banning bonuses and mandating shareholder consent in major decisions. A recent proposition also suggested implementing an initiative that “would permit companies to award their best-paid worker no more than 12 times what the worst paid.” (Stamm) This measure invokes sentiments similar to those invoked by historic ideologies. The societal problems that Locke and Bernstein attempted to address with Liberalism and Social Democracy respectively manifest in the recent discussion surrounding the Swiss salary initiatives. This validates the relevancy of their ideological arguments because societal issues of private property, the value of labour, and ethical concerns surrounding wealth persist in current political discourse.
The current questions of ostentatious wealth, fiscal practices, and salary settings, which are being discussed in Switzerland, invite for examination through the lens of John Locke’s liberalism. Principles of liberal ideology and ideas articulated in Locke’s own writings are applicable to both sides of the argument. Some in Switzerland have advocated that companies would leave or not be attracted to develop in the country because of new laws. Johann Scheider-Ammann, the head of the Swiss Department of the Economy, Education and Research, noted that failing to pass the law "will ...


... middle of paper ...


... He may also critique the gross over-payment, which arguably distances the direct ties between labour and payment value. Bernstein would most likely support the measure, which is ethically inclined and democratic in nature signifying an evolution to socialism out of capitalism. Both perspectives offer beneficial arguments, which remain pertinent to the modern search for modest and reasonable acquisition of wealth, and global financial security.



Works Cited

Baer, H. (2004). It's not all about money: memoirs of a private banker.

Bernstein, E. (1909). Evolutionary socialism.

Locke, J. (1689). Second treatise of government. (Paragraph 33).

Maclucas, N. (2013, Nov 24). Swiss voters reject high-pay initiative referendum to limit executive pay overwhelmingly rejected. Wall Street Journal

Stamm, P. (2013, Nov 22). Why the Swiss scorn the superrich. New York Times

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Comparing Classical vs. Modern Liberalism

- Typically Liberalism can be categorized into two different strands, Classical and Modern (yet some thinkers advocate a third strand that is referred to as Neo-Liberalism), each characterized by their differing and to some extent unavoidably overlapping attitudes regarding the theory behind the ideology and how it should be put into practice. Prior to examining how these relate to one another and before making any comparisons, it is important to give a definition, as best as possible, of Liberalism as a concept....   [tags: classical liberalism, liberalism, modern liberalis]

Strong Essays
1802 words (5.1 pages)

Classical Liberalism And Modern Liberalism Essay

- Looking into classical liberalism and modern liberalism it seems to be that there is very little difference between them. It almost feels like an, “are you Republican or a Democrat?” conversation. I think also the world “liberal” is used as a vulgar word or a put down. To me classical liberalism is focused on a limited form of government and has a main focus of the freedom of individuals. Whereas modern liberalism is focused on benefiting others as a whole with different programs. I would have to agree with modern liberalism more than classical liberalism....   [tags: Liberalism, Classical liberalism]

Strong Essays
744 words (2.1 pages)

Classical Liberalism And Modern Liberalism Essay

- We use ideas that are hundreds of years old to run our cities, states and country governments. Modern conservatism and modern liberalism both play a major role in our current government by supporting ideologies created by philosophers of the early 17th century. I will be talking about the early ideas of both these systems and how they developed into becoming modern systems that have been integrated into Political party and political systems. In order to understand our modern liberalism we must first understand classical liberalism and where it all started....   [tags: Liberalism, Classical liberalism, Conservatism]

Strong Essays
848 words (2.4 pages)

Ideologies Of The American Government : Conservatism And Liberalism Essay

- There are two major ideologies in the American government: Conservatism and Liberalism. As every ideology, both of them have their strengths and weaknesses. These two ideologies have been leading the American Government to a more democratic and moral society, and both of them have contributed in certain ways to achieve new things or to keep things under control, both ideologies offer different ways to solve problems. Conservatism promotes retaining of traditions and minimal change in society and the consequences it may bring, Liberalism is the ideology founded in the ideas of equality and liberty....   [tags: Liberalism, Conservatism, Free market]

Strong Essays
1330 words (3.8 pages)

European Origins of American Conservative and Liberal Ideologies Essay

- This analysis begins by answering the first question that may come to mind when discussing modern American political ideologies and how they evolved from European origins; What American political ideologies have European origins. Liberalism was the first (modern) ideology to emerge from Europe (England) as a result of a short but ultimately successful challenge to royal authority which changed its focus of attention from the question of the duties owed to kings and eventually led to the development of the original concept of liberalism....   [tags: Modern American Ideologies, European Origins]

Strong Essays
1257 words (3.6 pages)

Liberal Conservatism Vs Modern Liberalism Essay

- There are many political views in society in which people have different opinions and standing points. In modern liberalism and modern conservatism both have different ways which affect society and have made its contribution to the world. Both of modern and liberal conservatism have distinct matters in how they view political and life matters. While some think that conservatism is better than liberalism, that isn’t always the case. To start off, modern liberalism focuses more on the freedom of the individual....   [tags: Liberalism, Conservatism, Classical liberalism]

Strong Essays
1396 words (4 pages)

Essay on An Examination Of Liberalism

- An Examination of Liberalism Liberalism is a political ideology that has been prominent in modern times. The foundation of which are the concepts of liberty and equality. The meaning and application of these words in society are heavily debated. A broad few of these terms and a look at the people who have defined Liberalism will provide a depth of understanding into modern societies. Liberty and Equality Liberty, simply put, is the freedom to choose and act. It is also the freedom from oppression....   [tags: Liberalism, Classical liberalism]

Strong Essays
837 words (2.4 pages)

Political Ideologies And Politics And Ideology Essay

- These two political ideologies offer to government leaders, policy makers, and thoughtful citizens a set of guides permitting some semblance of coherent conclusions regarding compelling social, economic and political issues. Their common features include rejection of radicalism and its attending violent uprooting of established instructions and practices, acceptance of the need for restraints on the powers of government, advocacy of balance in society regarding individual rights and social powers, and ultimately some root concerns for individual dignity....   [tags: Liberalism, Conservatism, Classical liberalism]

Strong Essays
706 words (2 pages)

Different Modern Ideologies Essay

- Functionalism: Functionalists believe society has a common culture; they focus on consensus which is agreement. They believe that key institutions such as family, government etc. help society work well. Its belief in the same values, they look at society and explain it as a system, they want to know what contributes to society as a whole. They look at the key institutions as the human body and believe these institutions help society to function. They present an overly harmonious picture of society....   [tags: Ideologies, ]

Strong Essays
535 words (1.5 pages)

Modern Liberalism Essay

- Hello Reverend Kobby, I am so grateful to God you are alive to read this. Wow. 50 years old and you are still kicking in good health. I cannot wait to be like you. I cannot wait to graduate from Ashesi University College. This school is trying to tear me apart with regular intensive assignments and projects. Nevertheless, I believe God would see me through. Reverend, do you remember your viral video on YouTube, where you expressed your support for Modern Liberalism among other panelists who were conservatives, anarchists, fascists and communists....   [tags: economics, politics]

Strong Essays
1351 words (3.9 pages)