Information Technology In Pakistan

Information Technology In Pakistan

Length: 1429 words (4.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
WHY is it that all government decisions are based on circumstances or happenings as they existed fourteen centuries ago? Could it be ignorance stemming from lack of education?

The prime vital issue of the nation's education has from the birth of the country been the last on the lists of priorities of all our governments. The majority of the ministers who have been given the education and science and technology portfolios have not only been unconnected with either the field of education or of science and technology but have largely been uneducated men, the word uneducated' being here used in the profound sense of the word. For instance, in the last two governments, the second for both Benazir and Nawaz, Benazir's federal education minister was one Khurshid Shah, building contractor by profession, and Nawaz's, of all people, the proven corrupt and uncouth Ghous Ali Shah. And this in a land where the world's first university was established in 700 BC at Taxila, the ruins of which still stand at a few miles distance from the capital city.

By comparison, the government of General Pervez Musharraf has chosen an educationist as its education minister and the science and technology portfolio has been handed over to a scientist, Professor Dr Atta-ur-Rahman. Professor Rahman, in a speech delivered at Islamabad last Friday, told his audience that good governance is not possible without there being a merit-based challenging education system." If Pakistan wishes to forge ahead, he rightly said, education must be the main priority. Worthy of remark is the startling fact that the total GDP of all the Islamic countries put together is half that of Germany and a quarter of that of Japan in spite of the fact that the Islamic countries control 74 per cent of the world oil business. This low GDP rating is the result of a low level of education, the only area in which countries such as Germany and Japan have the advantage.

Now for the bad news. Information technology and the Internet are controlled by the antiquated inefficient Pakistan Telecommunications Company Limited which is overstaffed, and is incapable of even publishing a telephone directory which lists current information. The present board members of PTCL who direct the affairs of the company are: Bureaucrat Abu Shamim Arif, Secretary Information Technology and Telecom Division, a flip-flop non-technical man; Zafar Ali Khan, Secretary Privatization Commission; Major General Mohammad Tariq,

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Information Technology In Pakistan." 21 Feb 2020

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Information Technology and SMEs in Pakistan Essays

- Abstract Recent spectacular technological advances and break throughs have made the effective use of modern information technology a critical, competitive business tool. This study explores the use of IT by SMEs and their degree of satisfaction in using software and hardware.Use of Word processing and spreadsheet is comparatively high. Use of communication software is very low. There is a dissatisfaction of respondents with software, more than hardware. One main reason is lack of proper training as employees don’t know how to use the software....   [tags: Technology]

Research Papers
1457 words (4.2 pages)

Three Core Uses of Geographic Information Systems in Pakistan Essay

- This report attempts to define the role of Geographical Information Systems in the modern world and connects it with the problems being faced in Pakistan. GIS is a tool that captures, manages, analyzes and displays all forms of geographical data. This is a multi-billion dollar industry that has unfortunately not made its presence felt in Pakistan. The uses of GIS are a great opportunity cost to this country. This report will be focusing on three core uses of GIS that are possible in Pakistan: i. Crime Mapping This is used by analysts in law enforcement agencies across the world in order to visualize, and analyze crime incident patterns....   [tags: crime mapping, hydrology, land management]

Research Papers
1826 words (5.2 pages)

Selection and Implementation of an Enterprise Maturity Model for Companies in Pakistan

- Abstract – This paper tries to determine the possible options as enterprise maturity models for software houses in Pakistan. Some characteristics of small Pakistani software houses are provided which affect implementation of a maturity model. Some possible problems are identified in the implementation of the best maturity model and some solutions are also provided. I. INTRODUCTION In last 15 years, information technology has developed at an outstanding rate throughput the world including Pakistan....   [tags: International Business ]

Research Papers
1727 words (4.9 pages)

Technological advances in Pakistan Essay

- I don’t know how much the world is going to change in the next decade but it is for sure, by the technological advances we are having, it seems like it’s going to change even more than it did in the last 100 years. A computer which was the size of a house is now a mere 10inch box. So, what have been our latest inventions and technologies lately. How have they made a difference in our daily life. What effects do they have on us. Pakistan is the 36th largest country in the world (area vise) and it is in the developing phase....   [tags: smartphone, internet, new generations]

Research Papers
1658 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on Information and Communication Technology in Saudi Arabia

- ICT has revolutionized the world especially in commerce, education and socialization. It has reduced the world into a small global village. This has been facilitated by the greatest innovation in the information and communication technology (ICT): the internet. Since its innovation, there have been many benefits and opportunities that have been realized from different quotas including; education sector, business sector, health sector, communication sector and transport sector among others. Many organizations in these and other sectors have in one way or another adopted the use of the internet so as to enhance their services, processes and products....   [tags: e-learning, e-trade, providing services online]

Research Papers
1933 words (5.5 pages)

Essay on India and Pakistan Relations

- India’s relation with Pakistan has definitely seen more low points than the high points. The bitter-sweet relation shared between the two nations has neither made significant progress nor achieved any major breakthroughs since its 65 years of Independence. Today, India’s economic progress and political stability, together with its size, have lifted it to the status of a world power. Pakistan, on the other hand, is dogged by an unhappy past marked by repeated military interventions that prevented democracy from taking root....   [tags: relations, terrorism, peace]

Research Papers
877 words (2.5 pages)

U.s. Military Capabilities, Economy And Information Technology Essay

- The tendency to over idealize past military victories and demonize conflicts more limited in scope leads to false comparisons and presents an overly grim view of U.S. military capabilities and contributions to greater national objectives. The United States has confronted a variety of complex economic, social, and military issues with varying degrees of success in the postwar era and has in fact been quite successful in major nontraditional wars of ideology, economy and information technology. In the last sixty years national objectives have not lent themselves to the traditional concepts of victory based on armed state versus state conflict....   [tags: United States, Iraq War, 2003 invasion of Iraq]

Research Papers
703 words (2 pages)

Pervez Hoodboy's Whither Pakistan: A Five-Year Forecast Essays

- Born on July 11, 1950 Pervez Hoodbhoy attended Karachi Grammar School for primary education and later went to Massachusetts Institute of Technology for his masters in Solid-State Physics. He is currently teaching as a professor of nuclear and high-energy physics at Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad. Hoodbhoy is a well renowned writer, essayist and critic who is often called upon to present the increasingly limited liberal views in Pakistan. His articles like “Negotiate with TTP?” and “Why they killed Arif Shahid” advocate anti-extremist views and discourage compromising with fanatics....   [tags: Perez Hoodbhoy, Biography, Nuclear Physics]

Research Papers
1807 words (5.2 pages)

Essay on Financial Institutions in Pakistan Face Security Challenges

- ... Challenges One issue that was of particular importance to the bank was ensuring that files on its internal network could only be accessed by authorized employees. Another focal point for enhancing access security was providing employees remote access to the network nationwide. The Key challenges were: • Secure remote access for all employees • Convenient Solution for End-users • Centralize solution • Enable Mobility (Globalization and mobility of the workforce) Besides above in the previous setup NiB was running remote access VPN through ISA server which is resided in the inside network (Enterprise LAN) and with Windows based authentication through username and password....   [tags: NIB bank, infrastructure, remote access]

Free Essays
622 words (1.8 pages)

A Pattern Based Layered, Architectural Transformation Framework Essay examples

- A Pattern Based Layered, Architectural Transformation Framework Institute of Science and Technology Islamabad Campus, Pakistan Abstract—The need to evolve software arises with frequent business and technological changes. Service Oriented Architecture as a business centric, I.T architectural approach is no exception to this and requires a systematic approach to support such evolution at the architectural level of abstractions. Architectural transformations in the context of SOA should be specified and performed as a multi-layer architectural change mechanism....   [tags: Information Technology ]

Research Papers
4436 words (12.7 pages)

described as Signal Officer in Chief'; Mohammad Yunis Khan, Secretary Finance Division, Finance Ministry; Arshad Mahmud, Member Finance PTCL; Akhtar Ahmad Bajwa, Member Operations PTCL; Dr Altamash Kamal of Xibercom; Dr Awais Kamal, Managing Director of LT Engineering and Trade Services (Pvt) Ltd; Syed Mazhar Ali, Chairman IT Commission; Zafar Usmani, CEO Mobil Oil Pakistan (Pvt) Ltd; Fakir Aijazuddin, Chairman Arts Council Lahore; Barrister Rafiuddin Ahmed of Orr Dignam; Syed Zahoor Hasan, Associate Dean of LUMS; Asghar Dawood Habib, Chairman Habib Sugar.

These men have been asked to provide an undertaking one clause of which states: I am not a defaulter in repayment of any loan amounting to Rs.1 million or more as adjudicated by a court of competent jurisdiction or a tribunal within the meaning of Section 187(1) of the Companies Ordinance 1984. "This ipso facto means that if one of them is a defaulter to the tune of Rs.999,999 he is qualified to sit on the board. Another undertaking stipulates : I shall, to the utmost of my capability, ensure and safeguard the interests of the government in PTCL during the tenure of my directorship. Any lapse shall make me liable to be proceeded against under the relevant laws."

With due respect to all, it is difficult to conceive of a respectable responsible individual putting his pen to either of these two undertakings? After all, there is no compulsive reason, no guns are held to any heads. Should they not be guided by the dictates of their consciences and what is good for the people?

More bad news. PTCL is establishing two National Access Points (NAP) in Karachi and Islamabad to block Internet telephony and pornographic websites. (APP, July 13.)

The NAP aims at directing all Internet traffic in and out of the country through two PTCL controlled gateways. Whilst this is still a proposal, it is increasingly obvious that elements within PTCL, with the tacit support of our insecurity agencies and other government elements, are trying to push it through as fast as possible.

This must be vehemently opposed. It is fundamentally faulty and has the potential to cause catastrophic damage to the information infrastructure of the country.

One fundamental and obvious principle of network design is the provision of multiple pathways. The more pathways there are, the more robust the resulting network. To some extent we already have this redundancy in our exiting Internet access, but rather than introducing additional pathways to the Net, the NAP proposal aims at reducing these to two choke points to be controlled by our very own PTCL, an organization renowned for its unreliability, inefficiency, incompetence, and zero-level customer service.

Within the next few years, global services will permit direct satellite access. If the NAP logic is followed, these services would also be illegal in Pakistan. Is this what a country endeavouring to leapfrog into the information age should be doing?

NAP also raises the question: are we serious about attracting foreign investment in information technology (IT) when we have an organization intent on controlling and dictating as to which pathways the people may use to access the net? Even the relatively totalitarian UAE now allows direct rooftop-to-satellite Internet connectivity, completely bypassing the Etisalat Infrastructure. And here we are, proposing the reverse.

PTCL itself admits that it has no way in which it can estimate the revenue lost to Internet telephony. The number being thrown around is $ 2.8 million per year which is at best an exaggerated guesstimate, and a figure which amounts to less than a fifth of one per cent of PTCL's total revenue. Is this minuscule
loss sufficient justification to thwart and sabotage a national objective - the swift expansion of IT in Pakistan?

With two years to go until PTCL's monopoly expires, is it not time that it started to experience the real world, where markets dictate tariffs, where better technologies replace the obsolete, where customers decide what services to use, where only the efficient and competent survive? Rather than all this, PTCL is aiming at retaining its monopoly over international data traffic and hoodwinking the nation in the process.

NAP also smacks of Big Brother. In a country such as this, it is likely that NAP will be used to block access to information that someone decides will damage national security' or the ideology of Pakistan' or the national moral fibre'. Does not NAP itself raise national security concerns by providing enemies within and without with exactly two large targets to take out if they wish to cut off the entire country's access to the Net?

That there are minds in Islamabad in this 21st century which are seriously considering this proposal is, sadly, not surprising. After all, not so long ago capital minds did consider e-mail messages from MQM supporters abroad sufficient cause to ban the Internet in Pakistan. However, all should take heart from the fact that Pakistan has survived the fax machine and the satellite dish, both of which were delayed for years as the same convoluted reasoning was used against them as is now being used to justify NAP.

The ball is in the court of Minister Herr Doktor Professor Atta-ur-Rahman, in charge of information technology and of the dreadful PTCL. Academically, he was a First Division student, he has a PhD and a Sc D from King's College, Cambridge, of which college he was a Fellow from 1969 to 1973 when he was discovered by one of the greatest scientists of Pakistan, Dr Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, and brought to the HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry at the Karachi University.

At HEJ he was responsible for buying certain equipment from Japan. When the Japanese offered him a kickback of around Rs.25 million, he asked them to donate the amount to his Institute, which they did. He is a cousin of the people's barrister, Mohammad Gilbert Naim-ur-Rahman, and grandson of our good judge, Sir Abdur Rahman. We can surely trust him to take the right decision as to NAP or no NAP. He would surely rather continue to meely direct the affairs of HEJ, which he still does, than to additionally remain a minister and do wrong.
Return to