The President of Uganda, currently Lt Gen Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, is both head of the state and head of the government. President is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. Additionally, the constitutional term limit for the presidency was changed in 1995 from the previous two-term limit, to enable the current president to continue in active politics. Next elections anticipated to be held in 2016.
The President appoints a Vice-President, and a prime minister, who assists the president in the supervision of the cabinet. Cabinet is appointed by the president from elected legislators. The parliament is formed by the National Assembly, which has 388 members (238 directly elected for five-year terms during general election, 150 nominated by legally established special interest groups) .
The country‘s president appoints judges of the Court of Appeal and judges of the High Court.
According to Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (KAS), a political foundation linked to Christian-Democrats in Germany, Uganda is facing problems like lack of clear programmes and ideologies on the part of Ugandan parties, as well as the rampant corruption and the mentality of owning the country among politicians. The removal of term limits [for presidency by the same person] and irregularities in election were two additional problems. There is need for a better separation of powers in Uganda and for a moderator of the powers of the President. It is problematic to even speak about the state of the Multiparty System at the moment .
National Resistance Movement (NRM) is currently the ruling political party. NRM is led by...
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...oreign businesses have been urged to take on prominent local partners. Government procurement, according to US State Department, is not transparent. Anti-corruption legislation, and ethics policies do exist in Uganda, but much of it is not enforced and doesn’t meet international standards.
Corruption by government officials, the mentioned report by US State Department says, from the top to the bottom is clearly increasing, resulting in a decline in social service delivery, particularly education and health care. The government was especially accused of a lack of transparency in the allocation of recent oil concessions.
Despite the undertaking of reforms, Uganda suffers from lack of effective institutions capable of watching over compliance with legal and regulatory standards. World Bank ranks Uganda 138th for government effectiveness and 123rd for rule of law .
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