Information For Heart Failure Patients Self Administering Candesartan Cilexetil
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Information for heart failure patients self-administering Candesartan Cilexetil (Atacand) 4 mg tablet at home
What is heart failure?
Heart failure means the power of the heart muscle to pump blood is weaker than normal. It does not mean that the heart stops working. It is generally thought as a disease of the elderly people over the age of 65 years. This disease can be caused by high blood pressure (Bryant & Knights 2015). High blood pressure happens when fats are piled up in the blood vessel wall and the blood vessels become narrow. In the narrowed vessels, blood pushes against the blood vessel wall so much that it boosts the heart workload and causes heart failure. Heart failure makes you feel tired easily and breathless (Klodas 2015).
What is Candesartan Cilexetil (Atacand)?
Candesartan Cilexetil (Atacand) is mainly used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure. It helps make blood vessels wider. So it lowers blood pressure and makes blood flow better, so that the heart does not have to work as hard to send the blood around the body. Atacand 4 mg tablet is in the white round shape with a score and marked A/CF on one side and 004 on the other side (Monthly Index of Medical Specialties [MIMS] 2016b).
How does Atacand work?
(What Atacand does to your body):
Hormone is a chemical that helps your body do certain things. Angiotensin II is the key hormone that affects the size of blood vessels and therefore blood pressure. It has an important role in our body to control high blood pressure and heart failure. One of the main effects of angiotensin II is to narrow the blood vessels and make the blood pressure high (MIMS 2016a). It also affects the hormone called aldosterone. This hormone boosts the volume of ...
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...s drug (WebMD 2016).
When patients with serious heart failure or kidney disease are treated with Atacand that affects these systems, it might cause low blood pressure and rarely kidney failure. When blood pressure gets too much lower in patients with heart disease, it can cause a heart attack or stroke (MIMS 2016a).
Dosage and Administration
Atacand tablets should be taken once daily. You can take it with or without food. Atacand can be taken with other heart failure medicines such as diuretics (MIMS 2016a). The dosage can be different based on your symptoms and reaction to treatment (WebMD 2016).
For heart failure patients, the initial dose of 4 mg of Atacand is recommended to take once daily. When more dosage is needed based on a patient’s response to treatment, dose of 32 mg once daily can be taken by doubling the dose with at least 2 week intervals (MIMS 2016a).