Influential Artists Of The 20th Century Essay

Influential Artists Of The 20th Century Essay

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Born Pablo Ruiz, more famously known as Pablo Picasso, who was most known for his role in the creation of cubism, was born on October 25th, 1881 and died on April 8th 1973. Picasso was born into his father’s last name of Ruiz which latter in his life he felt was too common prompting him to use his more unique mother’s maiden name, Picasso. Picasso was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life living in France with wealth and fame. One of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century, Picasso is known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the co-invention of collage, and for many other styles that he helped develop and explore. Some of his most famous works are the “Proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d 'Avignon” 1907,” The Old Guitarist” 1903, “Le Rêve” 1932 and “Guernica” 1937, which is a portrayal of the Bombing of Guernica by the German and Italian air forces at the order of the Spanish nationalist government during the Spanish Civil War.
Picasso was born into a middle class family. His parents Don José Ruiz y Blasco and María Picasso y López, embraced his artistic abilities from a very young age, probably due to the fact his father was a painter who in naturalistic depictions of birds and other wildlife. Most Picasso’s father’s life, he was a professor of art at the School of Crafts and a curator of a local museum. From birth, Picasso was inspired to draw but starting at age seven he started to receive formal art training from his father. It is rumored Picasso could draw even before he could speak and when he did speak the first word spoken by Picasso according to his mother was piz, piz which is the truncated version of the Spanish word for pencil. Early off in his ...


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...Period, sorrow flowed through Picasso’s paintings. At this time Picasso also focused on the circus and harlequin, prostitutes, beggars and drunks as subjects in many of his Blue Period paintings. The predominant color during this period was a melancholy arrangement of blues. These paintings are somber renderings in monochromatic shades of blue and blue-green. Picasso’s Blue Period was influenced by a trip through Spain and by the suicide of his great friend Carlos Casagemas. At this time Picasso was very poor from leaving the security of his family and was living a lowly lifestyle. In 1909 he painted several postmortem portraits of Casagemas, leading to Picasso painting “La Vie”, 1903 which is now in the Cleveland Museum of Art. From the Blue Period some of Picasso’s most famous paintings are "Harleqins family" 1906, “The Blue Room” 1901 and “The Old Guitarist” 1903.

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