Influential Activist and Talented Militry Leader Essay

Influential Activist and Talented Militry Leader Essay

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Georgios Grivas is arguably the most influential character in the political Cyprus events of the last century. His undying passion for Cypriot Enosis and leadership through the conception of EOKA, was crucial to the Greek Cypriot movements towards independence and unity. A natural leader and man of action, Grivas founded several organizations, such as Organization X, EOKA, and EOKA B, and orchestrated countless resistance movements and attacks to fulfill his vision of a Greek Cyprus.

Grivas had military ambitions from a young age. He first attended the Athens Military Academy at the age of eighteen and finished his studies at the Ecole Militaire in Paris1. As a sub-lieutenant he went directly to the Asia Minor front, beginning his life-long military career in the region. There he served in the 10th Division of the Greek Army, but after defeat and withdrawal from Asia Minor in 1922, he was relocated to Redestos, Thrace. Bravery exhibited during this time lead to his promotion to lieutenant and when Grivas returned to Greece he lectured at the Military School of Greece1. This early military talent was apparent in Grivas’ early twenties and would continue to be seen throughout his life. Promotion to captain soon followed and by 1935 Grivas had reached the rank of major in the Greek Army.

As World War II commenced, Grivas began working in the operations department at the central headquarters of the Greek Army, specializing in northern Greece’s strategic defense plans. When Metaxas, the Greek dictator during 1940, rejected the Italian ultimatum demanding the occupation of Greek territory, Italy invaded. This gave Grivas an opportunity to exercise his military talents and join the attacks in Albania. Grivas served as chief of s...

... middle of paper ...

... of Cyprus’ conflicts will not be forgotten by the Greek Cypriots.

Works Cited

1. Watson, Roland; Elliott, Francis; Coates, Sam (January 29, 1974). "Gen George Grivas (Obituaries)". The Times Digital Archive (London). pp. 14; Issue 59000; col E. Retrieved 2008-06-24.
2. Kofas, Jon (May 31, 1985). Intervention and Underdevelopment: Greece During the Cold War. Pennsylvania State University Press. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-271-02647-3.
3. Ganser, Daniele (July 12, 2005). Nato's Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe. Routledge. p. 213. ISBN 978-0-7146-5607-6.
4. Grivas, George; Charles Foley (1964). The Memoirs of General Grivas. London: Longmans.
5. Grivas, George (1964). Guerrilla Warfare and Eoka's Struggle. London: Longman.
6. Makarios Drousiotis, EOKA B & CIA, To ellinotourkiko parakratos stin Kipro, Alfadi, Nicosia 2003 pp 80-81

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