The Influence of Religion Essay

The Influence of Religion Essay

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Since the day Christopher Columbus landed in the Caribbean, religion has been a major component in the shaping of the New World. Religion defines cultures, changes history, and molds civilizations. During the seventeenth century in the New England and Southern colonies religion did just this. Religion took the settlers bound for the New England and Southern colonies people of starting in the same place, and lead them in very different directions. The New England colonies became defined by their religion, while the Southern colonies in the same way became defined by their production of tobacco.
Religion was influential in creating the different social aspects in the New England and Southern colonies. The Massachusetts Bay colony was started by a group of 700 puritans lead by John Winthrop, their goal was to set a shinning example of godliness for the people of England. The colonists had very strong conviction to their goal, and so they entered a covenant with one another and God. Their determination attracted thousands of new settlers, the new settlers were made up mostly of middle class families. Along with the many Puritan families moving to New England, many Puritan ministers joined the new settlers. So many so that they had the highest ratio of preachers to population in all of Christendom. The immigrants in the New England colony believed in the idea of hierarchy and mutual dependence on each other. The strong connection between the colonists and God, the number of families and their sense of community defined the social orders of colony. The colony in Jamestown Virginia was started when the Virginia Company received a royal charter. The colony started with 144 Englishmen lead by John Smith, in their beginnings they strug...


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...nd its government remained quite independent of the England, and controlled by church members. The Southern Colony was very connected to the king of England. They also had far less influence from religious figures as the New England colony did.
The different focuses on religion of the New England and Southern colonies in the seventeenth century has created very different societies. It effected their social order, their economic aspects and their political functionality. The New England colony had extremely strong religious ties and that showed in the way in which their community developed. The Southern colonies had far less religious influence their main attraction was to their major production of tobacco and other crops. Religion has always been extremely vital in the way in which civilizations develop whether it is the presence of religion or the lack there of.

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