Pope Urban II was sought by Alexius Comnenus, a Byzantine Emperor who wanted the papacy to help his army hold off the advancing Seljuk Turks in Asia Minor. The reason for Alexius Comnenus contacting the pope rather than another emperor or monarch wasn’t just the fact they were secular, but because the pope would have more power to persuade the people. The Gregorian movement in 1050-80 was ultimately was responsible for the new instilled power of the papacy’s position over nonreligious rulers. The pope agreed to aid the Byzantine emperor, but he also had his own agenda when it came to the military advances and the new power of his position. The papacy did not intend to only help the Byzantine Empire but to further save all of Christendom from being overrun.
Urban’s decision to begin the Crusade was based on more than just the idea that he was doing the Lord’s will. The Christian idealism was mind over m...
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...how the power really did rest with religion and the figures that claimed leadership over Gods children. The first Crusade was a success and shows how the Pope had powers not even emperors or monarchs could have over nations. “The First Crusade enabled the papacy to put itself at the forefront of an immensely powerful movement and grasp the moral leadership of Europe” (Bennett).
Bennett, Judith M., C. Warren Hollister, and C. Warren Hollister. Medieval Europe: A Short
History. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2006. Print.
Crusades." CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Web. 17 Mar. 2012.
Rist, Rebecca. The Papacy and Crusading in Europe, 1198-1245. London: Continuum, 2009. Print.
"The First Crusade." Conquest Anglo-Norman Society www.angevin.org. Web. 16 Mar. 2012.
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