Pete A. Y. Gunter’s comment, on French psychologist Pierre Janet, can be employed to describe the regressive memory theme in The Life and Death of Harriet Frean. Janet theorized that psychological reality maintains and develops tension. And suggests when this healthy apprehension is breached, a process of repression is experienced. Red Campion is symbolically used in the novel to represent this repression. Additionally French philosopher Henri Bergson’s theory of a stream of consciousness, where the ego combines the present mind state and former mind states, display May Sinclair’s narrative technique. Bergson developed the idea to demonstrate continuity between the present state and the entire experience of past state of mind: in this context these states are inseparable. Bergson later names this practice as memory. And it is Harriet’s memory or stream of consciousness that defines every aspect of her life.
These theories from the turn of the century are fundamental in this Modernist text. Moreover representations of a stream of consciousness are integral to literary Modernists of the time; such as James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, T. S. Eliot and Marcel Proust for example.
During the early part of the twentieth century European social and political development continued to reshape itself in accordance to the momentous and rapid modern era. ...
... middle of paper ...
...ory of Harriet determined her family ideals and a selfless perception of life; eventually to her detriment. The pivotal occurrence in her youth was utilised by her mother to remodel her future. Harriet was to act beautifully from here on.
This socialisation by her parents critiques the psychic being and its potential for wanted behaviour. The reaction of Mr and Mrs Frean are internalised which then blossoms as a repression of emotions and a ‘tight’ lipped façade: resulting in the image of red campion being constantly referenced throughout the novel. This exposes the connection between inward feelings and outward performance.
This Modernist narration is a pastiche of psychological theories. Blending these ideas flower the structural basis for identity and the modern self. And it is an in depth discourse on the self which has been the focus of Sinclair’s work.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Modernism started as a movement around late 19th and 20th centuries. It rejected the conventional forms of art, architecture, literature, religious faith, social organisation and everyday life as they felt it was incompatible with the new economical, social and political conditions that was emerging at that period of time. Many distinctive styles can be defined as modernist, but majority of them had very similar values and theories on different aspects of society. It gave birth to a whole array of art, cultural and political movements.... [tags: Art History]
1130 words (3.2 pages)
- As the second wave of industrialization and imperialism boomed, it brought forth a new way of thinking. This way of thinking was to be known as modernism, and it affected spheres of life from politics to psychology. This new modernism marked a change from the old Enlightenment values or the recently declining Romanticist ideals. One such modernist, Mikhail Bakunin exemplified the political aspect of modernism through his revolutionary belief of anarchism and his radical actions in order to promote his beliefs.... [tags: anarchism, equality, freedom]
885 words (2.5 pages)
- Modernism and New Criticism The ways in which we define the importance of texts is constantly changing. We can look back and see critical theories used, such as Historical Criticism, Reader-Response Criticism and Psychoanalytic Criticism. Each of these theories offers a different way to interpret a text. However, when looking back over the texts of a specific era, shouldn’t the type of criticism we used for a book be based on that time period. Defining the Modernist Era of literature seems almost impossible, since the definition of modernism often seems to constitute anything from being “new and common” to “new and uncommon” (Barzun).... [tags: Modernism New Criticism Literature Essays]
2988 words (8.5 pages)
- Throughout history and through the nature of man, categories and classifications have been created for anything ever known. No matter if its concerning the homo sapiens or an object considered miscellaneous – there is place for everything and everything seems to be in its place. With art there is no exception. Society classifies each painting or sculpture into a time frame or accompany pieces with similar meanings together. A perfect example of this would be walking through a museum and noticing the different sections – European art, Impressionism, the Modern Wing, etc.... [tags: Modernism, Postmodernism, Postmodernity]
811 words (2.3 pages)
- ... (37) Influenced by the absurdism of Samuel Beckett, Brecht’s Epic Theatre, Artaud’s Theater of Cruelty and the nihilism of Eugene O’Neill, a radically new type of theater, known as the postmodern theater emerged in the Western World during the late 1970s and 1980s. For the American literary critic Ihab Hassan, postmodernism in drama: “veers towards open, playful, disjunctive, displaced, or indeterminate forms, a discourse of fragments, an ideology of fracture, a will to unmaking, an invention of silence-veers toward all those and yet implies their very opposites, their antithetical realities”.... [tags: distrust of grand theories and ideologies]
3394 words (9.7 pages)
- When seeking to describe or analyze Modernist literature, and the Modernist era as a whole, it is essential to keep in mind that these writers were challenging many core beliefs regarding being, both in relation to one’s self, as well as in the external world. Out of the many things Modernist literature does, one of the arguable contentions is that Modernity seeks to collapse the idea that the external and internal are separate. In modern writing, writers such as Joyce and Woolf make a move to disrupt traditional literary forms to push the concepts of truth, belief, and knowledge through the synthesis of experience in the visceral/physical world.... [tags: Modernist Era, Literature]
1347 words (3.8 pages)
- Modernism versus Modernismo Both Modernism and Modernismo were movements around the turn of the 20th century which caused cultural upheaval and renovation in times where the society was, or needed to be, changing. Modernism took place throughout Europe and in the United States, while Modernismo was a Latin American movement. The two movements share several general characteristics, but were, without a doubt, two separate and distinct movements, and should not be confused. Therefore, it is useful to clarify the causes, characteristics, and effects of each movement, comparing their similarities and contrasting their differences.... [tags: Hispanic Literature Essays]
1065 words (3 pages)
- Modernism “An inclination to subjective distortion to point up the evanescence of the social world of the nineteenth century bourgeoisie.” -Barth, “Literature of Replenishment” (www.iath.virginia.edu/elab/hfl0255.html) Modernism was rebellion against not only the repressive principles of the Victorian era but also the emergence of the fast-changing, materialistic corporate society. The period preceding modernism held up Victorian virtues, which accepted the worldview of everything being ordered, neat, stable, and meaningful.... [tags: Literature Literary Essays]
789 words (2.3 pages)
- Modernism Modernism is defined in Merriam-Webster's Dictionary as "a self-conscious break with the past and a search for new forms of expression." While this explanation does relate what modernism means, the intricacies of the term go much deeper. Modernism began around 1890 and waned around 1922. Virginia Wolf once wrote, "In or about December, 1910, human character changed." (Hurt and Wilkie 1443). D.H. Lawrence wrote a similar statement about 1915: "It was 1915 the old world ended." (Hurt and Wilkie 1444).... [tags: Comparative Literature Essays Papers]
3194 words (9.1 pages)
- The modernist period in British and Irish literature was one of the most important and exciting times in literary history. The term modernist stemmed from the beginning of the 20th century labelled the modern period. The modern period was a time of confusion and transitions, mostly due to the result of people returning from World War I. The modern period was an era of massive unemployment and technological changes. Freud, Jung, and Marx were redefining human identity, Assembly lines and factories were being introduced, and gender differences were starting to crumble.... [tags: European Literature]
1090 words (3.1 pages)