The Influence of ASD, Poverty, and Parents’ Disorder on Child Development
Most researches about child development focuses on the typical development or typical environment. However, the environment that surrounding children varies, and even little differences of the environment could make large developmental differences in each child. That is, development is unique for each child, and the timetable of children’s development varies (Mandleco, 2004). Development is also interrelated. All development such as physical, psychosocial, cognitive, perceptual, social, and emotional development are influenced each other (Mandleco, 2004). If some area dose doesn 't develop well, it may lead negative outcomes in other areas. Furthermore, when considering human development, we could not ignore the fact that some part of development is influenced by the biology, whereas the environment influence on some area of development (Mandleco, 2004). Thus, if children have difference from others in developmental milestones, it may be because of differences in their genetic backgrounds or their environment (Mandleco, 2004). Nowadays, many people believe that both nature and nurture are important, and related each other. Moreover, cultural values influence on some development, whereas most of children in all culture follow similar development milestones (Mandleco, 2004). After all, children learn their world through many ways, especially in the first few years. Many development theories describe such developmental pathway. Development is the series of changes, and the changes occur based on the age or level of development. Therefore, many famous psychologists believe that each person goes through age-related stages, and each stage are based on the pre...
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... TOM development (Farrant, Maybery & Fletcher, 2012). However, most of children with ASD demonstrate a delay in TOM because of developmental problem (Matthews et al., 2013). Having a severe disability has influence on the child’s conditions for learning as well as cognitive development (Bottcher, 2012). Children with disabilities share many characteristics with typical children in general, so adults can understand of their development within a typical development in some point (Bottcher, 2012). It is important to know how many differences exist between children with disabilities and children without disabilities (Bottcher, 2012). Bottcher (2013) stated that understanding the impact of problems and impairments that children with disabilities lead to create interventions with a positive learning and cognitive development of children with disabilities (Bottcher, 2012).
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