Influence Of Ancient Greece And Rome On Western Culture Essays

Influence Of Ancient Greece And Rome On Western Culture Essays

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The cultures of Ancient Mesopotamia, Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome were fundamental in building a foundation of civilization that would carry on for thousands of years. During the height of these civilizations, they each made important discoveries and developments that were as revolutionary at the time as they remain today, and without them, the culture of the Modern Western world would be as primitive and disjointed as early civilizations. The examples provided include the development of political thought and structure, the authority of law as well as the progression of medical and scientific discovery.

The influence of Ancient Greece and Rome on Western Culture is clearly evident in the dominant political form of democracy. Fifth century BCE Athens saw an original form of democracy, though it was heavily limited and restricted only to men over the age of 18. While Athenian culture was much unlike modern Western society, due to the practice of legal slavery, it still allowed the election of representatives to represent the male citizens of the culture (Rhodes, 2009). While this form has taken many, many years to be fair to all people, it was certainly the starting point for advancement and development of political practice and theory. Democracy in large Western countries such as the United States of America, the United Kingdom and Australia is indirect and representative, where the voting population elects national and local members of government to carry forward their wants and needs to the national and local level, allowing the government to make decisions on their behalf. In comparison, democracy in Athens was more direct, as the city-states were smaller and the council was made up of people with a vested interest in the su...


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...n and advanced by Muslim scholars after contact with Christians, but it is clear that Greece and Rome had laid the foundation of a much larger industry of scientific thought and discovery that has led to a number of modern discoveries that continue to benefit not just the Western world, but the world as a whole.

In conclusion, the evidence provided shows that without the growth of key aspects of culture during the times of Ancient Mesopotamia, Greece and Rome, Western Culture would not exist with the authority and sophistication that many Western countries can boast. While the system is still not perfect, growth and development continue on all the aspects examined here, it must be said that as a society, the Western world has grown in leaps and bounds with regards to politics, law, medicine and science since the Ancient world laid the foundations to be built upon.

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