The industrial revolution first began in the late 1700’s in Great Britain then after a year decades jumped across the Atlantic to the United States. Landing in the northern states, the revolution soon became centered on the cotton textile industry(Lecture 11). Using the rivers for water power and shipping, many cities began to flourish in the north (Lecture 11). Improved and new transportation lowered cost and linked farmers of the west to the cities of New England during the transportation revolution (Give Me Liberty 322). The first part of the transportation revolution was the rise of canals. Speeding up travel and enabling large distance to be traveled in a shorter period created the need for more and more canals to be finished (Lecture 11). The Erie Canal linked the great lakes to New York City in 1825, it reduced the cost of shipping by 90% (Lecture 11). By 1840 over 3,000 miles of canal were finished, compared to 1824 when only 100 miles of canal were in use (Lecture 11). The second part of the transportation revolution was the increase or railroads. The rise of the railroads cut time ...
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...mmigrates and blamed them for crime, political corruption, alcohol abuse undercutting wages, transformation of law (Give Me Liberty 336). After years of abuse and terrible working conditions the working class organized workingmen’s organizations to enact some reform (Lecture 11). These were early unions, and they fought for shorter work days and better working conditions. The more successful unions were the skilled laborers, while immigrates unions were often poorly organized (Lecture 11).
The industrial revolution reshaped America’s cities, society and way of life in many positive and negative ways, during the 1800s’s. It all started with the transportation revolution and still influences the way businesses work today. Today we still look for ways to make work easier, more productive and more efficient and it’s all thanks to the industrial revolution.
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