The Industrial Revolution in the 19th Century had a large impact on life in America. From the change in the nature of labor, the transformation from small, artisan business to large manufacturing enterprise, and the creation of a new economic order, Americans had significant changes to adapt to in every facet of their lives.
After the Civil War, American industry changed dramatically, adapting to technological inventions and improvements, an intracontinental railroad network, an increasing population, and new continental supplies of resources Machines efficiently and economically replaced hand labor as the primary form of manufacturing. This change increased the production capacity of industry and made more finished goods available on a national and global scale. The new nationwide network of railways provided for the transport of raw materials to industrial sites and the subsequent distribution of finished goods throughout the nation. Inventors and innovators developed new products, while business mass-produced large quantities of these products. Bankers and investors accumulated large sums of money in order for these businesses to have the financial capabilities to expand their business. Immigrants floc...
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... the poor. She was also committed to promoting peace, civil rights, and women’s right to vote. A primary focus was “mothers’ issues”: child welfare and public health. She was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 and is considered the founder of the social work profession.
The Social Gospel: The Social Gospel was a Christian, Protestant religious movement that arose at the end of the 19th Century. This is significant because the movement was focused on labor reforms, such as the abolition of child labor, a shorter workweek, and just general labor condition improvements. The movement is described as the application of Christian ethics to social problems, especially issues of social justice such as economic inequality, poverty, alcoholism, crime, racial tensions, slums, unclean environment, child labor, inadequate labor unions, poor schools, and the danger of war.
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- In the early 1900’s the dense urban living is greatly affecting Europe. The popularity of the automobile is slowly beginning to rise amongst the every day citizen and there are already raised train railways. The European Futurist are looking to raze old cities to create more space for a new city, and maximize efficiency of space, and there are also the proponents for the Garden City looking to lessen the congestion of cities and promote a healthier lifestyle. The European Futurists envisioned a city that was “…active, mobile, and everywhere dynamic, and the modern building like a gigantic machine.” This city was to be modern, demolishing the old city that existed and abolishing ornamentat... [tags: City, Industrial Revolution, New York City]
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