... middle of paper ...
...fstede, G. (2009, June). Dimensionalizing Cultures: The Hofstede Model in Context. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture (Unit 17, Chapter 14). ©International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology.
Donal Carbaugh, Intercultural Theory [on-line] Available from http://eco.ittralee.ie/personal/theories_III.php#1; Internet.
Lustig, Myron and Jolene Koester. 1998. Intercultural Competence: Interpersonal Communication Across Cultures (3rd Ed.). (Addison-Wesley Publishing, 1998), 30.
Coon, H.M. & Kemmelmeier M. (2001) Cultural orientation in the United States. (re)
examining differences among ethnic groups. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology
Stella Ting-Toomey. (2005). The matrix of Face: An Updated Face-Negotiation Theory,” in William Gudykunst, Ed., Theorizing about intercultural communication. Sage Publications. 71-92.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- There have been many theories created to help explain and to give an in depth look into the world of organisational culture. Although these theories differ slightly, they all strive towards a common idea: to create a healthy and prosperous organisational culture. The impacts created by this idea provide many benefits such as: overall increase in the performance and consistency of employees, high morale, increase team working ability and creating a goal orientated team. The organisation itself will strive to develop a competitive edge created by innovated employees.... [tags: Hofstede, GLOBE, Deal and Kennedy]
1365 words (3.9 pages)
- Culture is what makes groups of people distinctive and has been passed down from generation to generation. Kim Zimmerman describes, “Culture is the characteristics and knowledge of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts.” (Zimmermann, 2015) Countries around the globe has one or more diverse cultures in them. Researchers have studied culture through the year. After doing a number of studies, the researchers have created a number of theories of how it can affect the workplace.... [tags: Cross-cultural communication, Culture, Individual]
1006 words (2.9 pages)
- Individualism and Collectivism In the diverse world in which we live, each country has its own identity and culture. In fact, a culture has its own languages, traditions, customs and social particularities. We can therefore assume that the relationships between individuals change from culture to culture because of cultural distinctions such as impressionism and individualism. Indeed, in a collectivist culture, individuals see themselves as a part of a group, while in an individualist culture individuals are independents from the community.... [tags: Individualism, Individual, Collectivism]
1077 words (3.1 pages)
- In the heterogenous world in which we live, each country has its identity and culture as well. Indeed, A culture has its own languages, traditions, customs and social particularities. We can therefore assume that the social relationships between individuals vary depending upon the culture because of cultural distinctions such as impressionism and individualism. In a collectivist culture, individuals see themselves as a part of a group, while in an individualist culture individuals are independents from the community.... [tags: Individualism, Individual, Collectivism]
1074 words (3.1 pages)
- With the help of the literature, discuss one of the cultural constructs in Hofstede’s model. Following this, discuss any elaboration, application, modification and criticism the construct has attracted in the form of further research. In an attempt to understand the dissimilarities of employees from a cross-cultural perspective, Geert Hofstede (1980) conducted a pioneering survey that measured the work-related values of employees who worked for IBM subsidiaries located in 53 different countries (Hofstede & Bond, 1984).... [tags: Family, Sociology, Culture, Individualism]
1717 words (4.9 pages)
- I. INTRODUCTION A. Establishing the need 1. There are many reasons as to why collectivism and individualism an important topic to discuss. Many discussions could be had on the complex differences between cultures within America and within the greater international community, but the dichotomy of collectivism and individualism appears to be a common way to categorize cultures based on their worldviews (Hwang, 2005). 2. These cultural differences often can complicate different functions of society, including education.... [tags: Individualism, Individual, Understanding]
865 words (2.5 pages)
- Prior studies theorize that individuals in individualistic cultures have a tendency to base the causes of behavior primarily on an individual’s personal characteristics, and individuals in collectivist cultures have a tendency to primarily base the causes of behavior on situational forces (Krull, Loy, Lin, Wang, Chen, & Zhao, 1999). This research paper includes various case studies that define the fundamental attribution error (FAE) in detail, that refutes the ideals presented by the fundamental attribution error, and studies that talk about collectivist and individualistic societies in relation to the fundamental attribution error.... [tags: Individual, Individualism, Culture, Collectivism]
1090 words (3.1 pages)
- Individualist Vs Collectivist Civilizations are typically broken up into two categories: collectivist. Individualist cultures, like those of the United States and Western Europe, highlight personal accomplishment regardless of the expense of team goals, causing a powerful awareness of competition. Collectivist cultures, including these of China, Korea, and Asia, emphasize work and family team aims above desires or individual needs. Individualism and collectivism profoundly pervade cultures. Individuals simply take their lifestyle 's position for allowed.... [tags: Individualism, Individual, Sociology, Time]
721 words (2.1 pages)
- To begin with, the notion of the individualism is rather ambiguous as it includes a lot of different behavioural patterns. One more difficulty about the individualism is that it can be considered on different levels of human groups - on the individual, group, societal and cultural levels in particular. What is more, one of the most popular application of the notion of the individualism is its analyses on the level of a culture as a trait of a whole society. However, in order to understand the specialities of its revelations on the societal level, it is important to consider different processes of its construction.... [tags: Sociology, Individualism, Individual, Culture]
1938 words (5.5 pages)
- Introduction Both Individualism (independence) and collectivism (interdependence) are social constructs that describes societies (Cross et al., 2010). An individualist is a person who places their needs before others (Cross, Hardin & Gercek, 2010). They are unique, outspoken (Dion & Dion, 1993) and tend to originate from the Western world (Fiske & Taylor, 1984). While a collectivist, prioritises the groups needs before his or her own, connected to their social context and tend to come from the Eastern world (Fiske et al., 1984).... [tags: Collectivism, Individualism, Empiricism]
1406 words (4 pages)