Etymologically, security implies the absence of real or perceived threats whether originating from internal turmoil, external sources, or incumbent economic disparities and inequalities. Over the course of the past two decades, the understanding and definition of security threats have undergone a two-fold transformation. First, the evolution of the international security environment has led to a diversification and decentralization of security threats, transcending state borders and actors, and spreading across political, economic, social and environmental dimensions. Second—and consequently—a major reprioritization of security threats followed, making non-tr...
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