Gandhi also believed in the ideas of Swaraj and Dharma. In Simone Panter-Brick's book, Gandhi and Nationalism: The Path to Indian Independence, these terms are explained and explored. "Swaraj is formed of two Sanskrit words: swa (self) and raj (rule). Thus, it can be construed either as rule over the self — the spiritual assertion of every person — or as self-rule — participation in the political affairs of the nation as citizens fully conscious of their rights and duties. For Gandhi, it was both"(Panter-Brick,24). Swaraj is used to stress independence and can also replace the word independence. Panter-Brick talks about dharma as a person's duty, thus relating to Gandhi's duties to the empire. "Gandhi’s entry into politics sprang from the firm belief that a citizen has rights and duties, and that he, as an Indian, had a duty to perform. This Indian conception of one’s life task is best expressed in the word dharma or righteous performance of one’s duty in life" (54). This author talks about how Gandhi used his ideals to unify India from the inside and this created a stronger opposition to the British.
Mahatma Gandhi was not always suc...
... middle of paper ...
...th Centuru." Bbc. Last modified February 17, 2011. Accessed March 10, 2014. http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/how-did-the-british-gain-control-of-india/13349.html.
Naidu, Ch. M., Dr. "Jinnah's Opposition to Gandhi." Yabaluri. Accessed April 6, 2014. http://yabaluri.org/TRIVENI/CDWEB/jinnahsoppositiontogandhijul91.htm.
North Gwinnett Middle School. "Indian Nationalism and Gandhi." Slide Share. Last modified February 2, 2011. Accessed January 16, 2014. http://www.slideshare.net/templep79/indian-nationalism-and-gandhi.
Rosenberg, Jennifer. "Gandhi - Biography of Mahatma Gandhi." About.com. Last modified 2014. Accessed March 27, 2014. http://history1900s.about.com/od/people/a/gandhi.htm.
Trueman, Chris. "India 1900-1947." History Learning Site. Last modified 2013. Accessed January 16, 2014. http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/india_1900_to_1947.htm.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The most prominent and influential figure during the Indian independence movement was arguably Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as The Mahatma Gandhi or Bapu. Gandhi believed in striving for non-violence in every situation and advocated that all others follow him in his actions. Through completely passive protests and non-violent action, Gandhi….. The Mahatma accomplished many individual journeys, such as famously leading Indians in protesting the British-imposed salt tax with 250 mile Dandi Salt March in 1930.... [tags: Independence Movement, Biography]
831 words (2.4 pages)
- Within the context of the period 1847-1947 to what extent was Indian independence primarily the result of the growth of Indian nationalism. The decision to grant independence to India was not the logical culmination of errors in policy, neither was it as a consequence of a mass revolution forcing the British out of India, but rather, the decision was undertaken voluntarily. Patrick French argues that: “The British left India because they lost control over crucial areas of the administration, and lacked the will and the financial or military ability to recover that control”.... [tags: Indian Independence Essays]
3241 words (9.3 pages)
- The Salt March was the start of a national campaign to reject the salt tax. The march took place on March 12, 1930 when Gandhi and his followers marched from the Sabarmati Ashram and traveled 200 miles towards the sea. The group of marchers grew as the days went on. They built up to a few thousand people and marched 12 miles per day. On April 5th, they reached Dandi, which was a town on the coast of Gujarat. Gandhi made a presentation by picking up a grain of sea salt that was on the beach, technically breaking the law.... [tags: ghandi, salt march, satyagraha]
1266 words (3.6 pages)
- ... He always did his duty, and what he considered to be right. Therefore, a true satyagrahi will have good dharma, and Rama represents the ultimate satyagrahi. The Ramayan had at least 2 revivals in the last hundred years, the first was when Mahatma Gandhi described an ideal polity and just rule as Ramrajya (Vajpeyi 2011: 2). This was when Ghandi was criticizing British colonialism. He gets his views from his portrayal of Rama because he perceives Rama as the Supreme Being. “I must say that the independence of my dream means Ramayana, i.e.... [tags: ahimsa, hinduism, evil]
1503 words (4.3 pages)
- MOHANDAS KARAMCHAND GANDHI was born on October 2, 1869, at Porbandar, a small town on the western coast of India, which was then one of the many tiny states in Kathiawar. He was born in middle class family of Vaishya caste. His grandfather had risen to be the Dewan or Prime Minister of Porbandar and was succeeded by his son Karamchand who was the father of Mohandas. Putlibai, Mohandas's mother, was a saintly character, gentle and devout, and left a deep impress on her son's mind. Mohandas went to an elementary school in Porbandar, where he found it difficult to master the multiplication tables.... [tags: Biography, Mahatma Gandhi Essays]
506 words (1.4 pages)
- The example of one can have effect on millions. Many times mankind’s leaders have physically strong characteristics. From the bulging muscles to the long dark hair. Their philosophies focus on war and violence. However, “An eye for an eye will only make the world go blind”(Gandhi). Gandhi was a very small and frail man, but his philosophies had a major affect on citizens and leaders. The philosophies and life of Mahatma Gandhi affected the leadership and life of Martin Luther King, Jr. Introduction Searching for “Truth” is being able to realize who we are and what are “destiny” is(McLeod, Saul).... [tags: Truth, Peace, Activists]
1119 words (3.2 pages)
- Mahatma Gandhi Introduction Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism and the prophet of nonviolence in the 20th century, was born, the youngest child of his father's fourth wife, on Oct. 2, 1869, at Porbandar, the capital of a small principality in Gujarat in western India under British suzerainty. His father, Karamchand Gandhi, who was the dewan (chief minister) of Porbandar, did not have much in the way of a formal education but was an able administrator who knew how to steer his way between the capricious princes, their long-suffering subjects, and the headstrong British political officers in power.... [tags: essays research papers]
3314 words (9.5 pages)
- ... Two days later they tried again on March 9, but were forced to turn around after crossing the Edmund Pettus Bridge. Finally, protected by soldiers of the U.S. Army, mem-bers of the Alabama National Guard, and FBI agents, they began the last march. With the world watching, the protesters achieved their goal, walking around the clock for five days to reach Montgomery. "The Selma March...greatly helped raise awareness of the difficulty of black voters in the South and the need for voting rights..." ("Selma to Montgomery March").... [tags: boycotts, marches, peaceful protest]
978 words (2.8 pages)
- The Work of Ghandi and India's Independence In 1857, the East India Company sailed to India and defeated the Mughal Empire. The British crown took over the Indian government and Britons were sent to live there. This was known as colonialism, those who thought it was a good idea to take over others lands and actually did. One of these lands was India. At the time India was seen a savage land. Missionaries and legislators wanted to stamp out slavery, barbaric punishment and sacrifices.... [tags: Papers]
786 words (2.2 pages)
- Gandhi perceives imperialism as a creation of Industrial development, which perpetuates greed, and the desire to increase profit at the expense of the body and society. Gandhi states. “Those who are intoxicated by modern civilization are not likely to write against it. Their care will be to find out facts and arguments in support of it, and this they do unconsciously” (Gandhi, chp 6). Gandhi’s presumes that civilization, like an incurable disease, and new-civilized creations are a limitation to the body and society.... [tags: Indian History, Swaraj]
1384 words (4 pages)