Indian Encounters:The Turks, The Mongols, and Islam Essay

Indian Encounters:The Turks, The Mongols, and Islam Essay

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A society that is often overlooked that has made great achievements and who has had a significant impact on modern day society is nonetheless, India and ancient Indian civilization. After the fall of the Gupta Empire in 480, small kingdoms throughout the region, which was invaded by the Turks and Mongols, but was not conquered, would rule India. The northern parts of India frequently were raided and invaded by the Turks, all the way from Afghanistan to Central Asia. Muslim Turks decided to rule a state in north India called the Delhi sultanate, which was ruled for several centuries, and in the mean time Islam gained its adherents throughout the southern regions of Asia. Hinduism continued to flourish throughout the nation, while Buddhism went into a deep decline, and Islam would begin to convert many of its people. The encounters that the ancient Indian people had to endure with the Turks, Mongols, and Islam have had the most memorable impact and impression on Indian culture and other societies throughout the east.
To begin with, the Indian encounters with the Turks took a significant toll on Indian society. The Turks were a group who specialized in metalworking, frequently raided parts of China and often had civil wars within their own nation. The Turks were a very violent and hostile nation, and it is even stated in Understanding World Societies that the Turks proclaimed they would rather destroy each other rather than live side-by-side (293). The regions of South Asia felt the impact of the arrival of the Turks when horsemen from both the east and the west of the Turk nation sent armies south to raid and invade all of north India. The Turks would destroy the Mauryan Empire in 185 B.C.E., and this is what would leave India p...

... middle of paper ... religion and foreign to the people of India, yet there is a defied truth that Islam’s spread peacefully throughout India with the alliances formed between the Indian people, the Turks, and the Mongols. The encounters that the ancient Indian people had to endure with the Turks, Mongols, and Islam have had the most memorable impact and impression on Indian culture and other societies throughout the east. Ancient Indian history is often overlooked within our society, but perhaps there should be a second look at how the Indian people have became who they are today, what attributes that have given society, and what pandemonium they have overcame as a civilization to stay in existence and stand against the test of time.

Works Cited

John P. McKay et al., Understanding World Societies A Brief History Volume 1 to 1600. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2010. Print.

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