The Indian Act was an attempt by the Canadian government to assimilate the aboriginals into the Canadian society through means such as Enfranchisement, the creation of elective band councils, the banning of aboriginals seeking legal help, and through the process of providing the Superintendent General of the Indian Affairs extreme control over the aboriginals, such as allowing the Superintendent to decide who receives certain benefits, during the earlier stages of the Canadian-Indigenous' political interaction. The failure of the Indian Act though only led to more confusion regarding the interaction of Canada and the aboriginals, giving birth to the failed White Paper and the unconstitutional Bill C-31, and the conflict still is left unresolved until this day.
The Indian Act is a combination of multiple legislations regarding the Aboriginal people who reside across Canada, such as the Gradual Civilization Act of 1857 and the Gradual Enfranchisement Act of 1869 (Hanson, n.p.). The Gradual Civilization Act was the Canadian government's attempt to assimilate the aboriginals into the Canadian society in a passive manner, through a method they encouraged called Enfranchisement. Enfranchisement is basically a legal process that allows aboriginals to give up their aboriginal status and accept a Canadian status (Crey, n.p.). This process, while under the Gradual Civilization Act, was still voluntary, but became a forced process when the Indian Act was consolidated in 1876 (Hanson, n.p.). The Gradual Enfranchisement Act introduced in 1869 was a major legislation that intruded with the private lives of the aboriginals. First, it established the “elective band council system” (Hanson, n.p.) that grants th...
... middle of paper ...
...n.p.). Soon the Canadian government amended Section 12 in 1985, and Bill C-31 was passed for those who lost their status and want to regain them (Hanson, n.p.). Unfortunately a fault existed in Bill C-31, which stated that the statuses of the aboriginals can only be passed on for one generation. Seeing as this was still unconstitutional, the government is now attempting to again retract its footsteps by amending the Indian Act altogether (Hanson, n.p.), but is still meeting difficulty in doing so.
The aboriginal reject the idea of abolishing the Indian Act for one reason. Because it still protects the “sacred rights” of the aboriginals (Hanson, n.p.). It still separates the Canadians from the aboriginals, and also benefits are given to the aboriginals under the Indian Act, and thus it still serves as a useful tool for the aboriginals to attain protection from.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction The topic for our research paper is oppression against women in the Indian Act. Discrimination against Aboriginal people has been a key issue for many years; however society generally skims the surface of this act and tends to give lip service to it without acknowledging the deeper issue of how these oppressions come with it. In the beginning of our research we quickly made a parallel between the oppression of Aboriginal women and the injustices they face and the breakdown in Aboriginal families and communities.... [tags: Social Work ]
1597 words (4.6 pages)
- Since the past and until now, the Indian Act has never served anyone positively, it used to control what Aboriginals can perform and what they cannot perform. The Indian Act denied women statuses; denied First Nations the right to vote, and it also snatched away the status of a status Indian woman who married a non-Indian man. The Indian Act was, and is, a powerful tool in the hands of the federal government, giving federal civil servants the authority to manage band affairs, supervise Indigenous lands and trust funds, direct the personal and family lives of individual Aboriginal people.... [tags: First Nations, Aboriginal peoples in Canada]
731 words (2.1 pages)
- This article shows the history of Indigenous women in Canada and the specific laws during various periods of the history of Canada that influenced the health issues in Indigenous women. The article introduces the laws of Indigenous society prior to colonization, in which women and men were seen as equals, which is necessary to maintain the health and survival of the community. The Indigenous women were considered sacred because of their ability to create new life, and their ability to make decisions on economic and social aspects.... [tags: health issues, the indian act]
1634 words (4.7 pages)
- Cultural Change in Canada Pierre Trudeau stated that English Canada didn't have a culture and he wanted to give it one. He wanted Canada to be a strong country when Canadians of all provinces felt at home in all parts of the country, and when they felt that all Canada belongs to them (Trudeau, 1971) Trudeau encouraged immigration and thought these immigrants will assimilate and strengthen Canada. He wanted Canada to be a society where people were all equal and where they can share some fundamental values based upon freedom.... [tags: Canada]
1515 words (4.3 pages)
- The French Indiana War was known as the first global war, but to Winston Churchhill it was known as the First World War. Today, we believe that the cause of a war would have more than one problematic issue, were as the French Indian War was the exception. The British wanted to expand America trade for more colonist so they could have more wealth. France had soon realized how the British expansion in wealth could hurt their empire. British colonist were benefited from the export of raw materials and the import of the British consumers and the American colonist.... [tags: French and Indian War, United States]
1357 words (3.9 pages)
- Do you know that despite Canada being called multicultural and accepting, Canada’s history reveals many secrets that contradicts this statement. Such an example are Canadian aboriginals, who have faced many struggles by Canadian society; losing their rights, freedoms and almost, their culture. However, Native people still made many contributions to Canadian society. Despite the efforts being made to recognize aboriginals in the present day; the attitudes of European Canadians, acts of discrimination from the government, and the effects caused by the past still seen today have proven that Canadians should not be proud of Canada’s history with respect to human rights since 1914.... [tags: First Nations, Canada, Indigenous Australians]
1016 words (2.9 pages)
- The history of Canada’s Aboriginal people is a rich but tumultuous one, rife with conflict, but also full of valuable information we can emulate in our lives. Aboriginal people is the name for the original inhabitants of North America and their descendants. Though it’s unfortunate that Aboriginals, mostly those living on reservations, are seen as drunkards. Able to satisfy all of their material and spiritual needs through resources of the natural world around them. White privilege has negatively impacted Aboriginal peoples living on reservations through oppression, marginalization, and degradation.... [tags: First Nations, Aboriginal peoples in Canada]
1068 words (3.1 pages)
- The first Canadian Indian Act was issued in 1876. Though it has been revised numerous times, this hundred and thirty year old legislation has been left virtually unchanged. Established in order to ensure the assimilation of Native Americans in Canada, the Indian Act instead had achieved the total opposite. It has made this distinction more and has given immense power to the government, letting them control all who reside on the reserves. It was then that the distinction between Status Indians and Non-Status Indians was made.... [tags: essays research papers]
733 words (2.1 pages)
- The French and Indian War The French and Indian war raged from 1754 to 1763. Its roots began long before the first shot was fired, about 100 years before between the French and the English. The French and Indian War was not fought between the French and the Indians, but the two allied with the Canadians against the English. It was the catalyst for the Seven Years War, from 1756-1763, which was brought over into Europe, the Carnatic Wars, and it eventually lead to the American Revolution.... [tags: Wars French Indian War France Native American]
2216 words (6.3 pages)
- Canada Canada is a nation famous for its tolerance for different ethnic and cultural backgrounds. It is said that Canada is a mosaic of cultures, and every individual culture is treated the same with the same respect. Yet that is idealistic, wishful thinking. While Canada might offer a more tolerant environment than most, it is certainly not without its problems. Intolerance has been an issue in Canada since the first settler stepped onto this land.... [tags: Papers]
626 words (1.8 pages)