Essay about India 's Struggle For Hindu Muslim Unity

Essay about India 's Struggle For Hindu Muslim Unity

Length: 1389 words (4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Some political scientists and authors believe that Mohammad Ali Jinnah was a nationalist who made considerable efforts for Hindu Muslim unity in the initial phase of his political career and in the later phase of his career, his ideology changed from nationalism to communalism

Ayesha Jalal ,the author of ‘The Sole Spokesman’ provides some arguments in favour of Jinnah’s efforts for Hindu Muslim Unity. “The Khilafat Movement” was launched in India by the Indian Muslims in support of the Calif or the ottoman emperor against the British. Mahatma Gandhi extended support to this movement so as to unite Hindus and Muslims for his Non-cooperation movement.This decision of Gandhi was opposed by Jinnah (Jalal 1999). According to Jalal (1999), Jinnah opposed this decision of Gandhi because he felt that support to a religious movement like the Khilafat would bring about a fusion of politics and religion which would result into instability of political structures and would hamper the progress along moderate and nationalist lines. He then resigned from congress in 1920 because he was against Gandhi’s ways of dealing with the British. Jalal thus views Jinnah as a nationalist.

The Simon commission was appointed in 1927 in order to suggest new constitutional reforms.The commission suggested to retain the separate electorates or federal system which was introduced earlier by the Montague Chelmsford reforms (Wikipedia 2014). To quote Jalal (1999), ‘ Jinnah was ready to use this opening to try again to forge a common front between the league and the congress’. The muslims wanted a federal structure while congress wanted central rule (Jalal 1999). According to Jalal (1999), though Jinnah was against the federal structure, he had to find some ...

... middle of paper ...

Due to the launch of these movements, the muslims might have feared that their religion, culture and traditions would be crushed if they continue to live in India. This might have sparked the thought of a separate muslim state among the Indian Muslims.
The Nehru Report(1928) and rejection of Jinnah’s amendments to Calcutta convention and the rejection of ‘Fourteen Points’ of Jinnah which were in the interests of Muslims by the congress may have further contributed to widen the gap between Hindus and Muslims.
(chapter 6, All India Partition Politics and Assam Muslims,p.208, 2015, retrieved 15th March 2015, from,
Such factors may have contributed in widening the rift between the two communities until the only solution left would be to partition India and give muslims their own state.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Terrorism Between India And Pakistan Essay

- India is one of the Muslims countries that have encountered several instances of religiously-related violence. The use of the propaganda is one of the ways in which many leaders of India have used to create many atrocities against the Muslims. In most cases, this misleading information is mostly steered by some government official or elected leaders who look for opportunities to gain by driving humanity into war against each other on the basis of religion or other distinguishing factors. Besides, the causes of propaganda within India are varied as some false information is spread by the non-Muslims who resent their religious domination in India (Shaikh, 2006)....   [tags: India, Pakistan, Hinduism, Islam]

Better Essays
1256 words (3.6 pages)

The History Of Indian India Essay

- The History of India People started to spread across the world, but they first started their journey from the Fertile Crescent. Some people went on to form cities, such as Mesopotamia and other ones found in the Egypt region. People also traveled past India and started to head towards China in big numbers. Those that stayed in India may have joined one of several cities that were all similar. These people may have lived in Harappa, which was in the north and Mohenjo-Daro in the southwest (pg 67)....   [tags: India, Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism]

Better Essays
1039 words (3 pages)

The Partition Of India And Pakistan Essay

- “Leave India to God. If that is too much, then leave her to anarchy,” Gandhi proclaimed in May of 1942 (“1942- Quit India Movement”). The partition of India is not only a part of history of the Asian continent, but a warning bell in world history. According to the novel, “Looking Through Glass,” preceding the partition, India was under British rule, which was established in eastern India during the mid-eighteenth century in order to gain control over the substantial economic advantages. Organization and programs were established during this period to enhance the political, cultural, social, and religious interests of both Indian Muslims and Hindus: these took the form of the nationalist bodi...   [tags: Pakistan, Partition of India, British Raj]

Better Essays
1459 words (4.2 pages)

The First Governor General Of India Essay

- 1774, Warren Hastings appointed the first governor general of India by the East India Company. In 1774, he was appointed the first Governor-General of Bengal. He was also the first governor of India. The post was new, and British mechanisms to administer the territory were not fully developed. Regardless of his title, Hastings was only a member of a five-man Supreme Council of Bengal so confusedly structured that it was difficult to tell what constitutional position Hastings actually held. 1857, The Sepoy Rebellion....   [tags: Indian independence movement, India, British Raj]

Better Essays
1696 words (4.8 pages)

India 's Self Rule During World War II Essay

- The circumstances created for the native population of India by the British government led to the independence movement which would arduously bring the nation independence from India in June of 1947 and employ democratic constitution in 1950, effectively resolving the tribulations created by the British government and their exploitation of India. However, this process was not immediate it involved decades of work organizations and movements and individuals such as All-India Congress Committee, the Quit India Movement, and Mohandas Gandhi, all which fought to remedy the British Indian situation and take back political and economic control of India, though via various levels of passive and vio...   [tags: Indian independence movement, India]

Better Essays
1294 words (3.7 pages)

Hindu Identity : A Modern Phenomenon Essays

- Communal Hindu identity is a modern phenomenon. Prior to the colonial era, India displayed greater religious fluidity and pluralism on the popular level. But, as a result of the colonial encounter, Indians were increasingly forced to think along religious and communal lines. The structure of society had been reshaped on the basis of religious community. As the world progressed into modernity, Hinduism (a variety of independent traditions) had to redefine itself. The assertion of a unified and centralized Hindu identity had to subsume the rich and diverse Indic traditions under a larger umbrella category....   [tags: Hinduism, Religion, Islam, Swami Vivekananda]

Better Essays
1576 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on Hindu India vs Muslim India

- At first, the aim of the Muslim League was to establish friendly relations between the Muslims and the British Crown. After the Royal decision of the annulment of the partition of Bengal in 1911, Muslim League saw that in order to get their requests dealt with, they need to form relations with the Congress, the representative party of Hindus. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the member of Congress, also joined the Muslim League in 1913. After witnessing the annulment, he worked on a pact to unite Muslims and Hindus which was eventually signed on 30th of December, 1916 at Lucknow....   [tags: Hindu vs Muslim in India]

Better Essays
2109 words (6 pages)

Bharat versus India Ideology Essay

- “Bharat” and “India” Two Ideas of an Independent Indian State Hindu revivalism has been a part of Indian nationalism almost since the independence movement itself began. However, it has gone through many forms and been embodied in many different organizations, often being ignored in the forum of Indian politics. However, the victory of the Hindu revivalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in the elections since 1998 has forced many scholars to reconsider the history of such movements, to analyze the forms they have taken throughout the 20th century....   [tags: Hindu Bharatiya Independence]

Better Essays
3589 words (10.3 pages)

India 's Transformation Of India Essay

- India’s transformation from a British colonial possession to a powerful modern-day state happened over a couple of centuries after the British conquered the Mughal Empire. Initially, British interest in India was merely for trade access to ports to allow easier transport to other parts of Asia and Africa in 1616. Authority was the intention, not occupation. British expansion into the continent of India was what “seemed like a simple commercial decision, a move designed to seek guaranteed revenues to pay for the increasing military operations in India....   [tags: British Empire, United Kingdom, British Raj]

Better Essays
983 words (2.8 pages)

Essay about The Freedom Of A Free India

- Civil Disobedience, the act of purposely disobeying and breaking the law based on moral or political principles is a phrase that conjures up images of the American civil rights protests of the 50’s and 60’s, Anti-Vietnam protests of the 70’s, Tiananmen Square protests in China in the late 80’s, and the civil disobedient acts of many peaceful nonviolent protests in colonial India. This non-violent movement lead by Mahatma Gandhi finally took hold after many decades to free India from English rule called the Raj....   [tags: Civil disobedience, Nonviolence]

Better Essays
1489 words (4.3 pages)