Essay about India 's Struggle For Hindu Muslim Unity

Essay about India 's Struggle For Hindu Muslim Unity

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Some political scientists and authors believe that Mohammad Ali Jinnah was a nationalist who made considerable efforts for Hindu Muslim unity in the initial phase of his political career and in the later phase of his career, his ideology changed from nationalism to communalism

Ayesha Jalal ,the author of ‘The Sole Spokesman’ provides some arguments in favour of Jinnah’s efforts for Hindu Muslim Unity. “The Khilafat Movement” was launched in India by the Indian Muslims in support of the Calif or the ottoman emperor against the British. Mahatma Gandhi extended support to this movement so as to unite Hindus and Muslims for his Non-cooperation movement.This decision of Gandhi was opposed by Jinnah (Jalal 1999). According to Jalal (1999), Jinnah opposed this decision of Gandhi because he felt that support to a religious movement like the Khilafat would bring about a fusion of politics and religion which would result into instability of political structures and would hamper the progress along moderate and nationalist lines. He then resigned from congress in 1920 because he was against Gandhi’s ways of dealing with the British. Jalal thus views Jinnah as a nationalist.

The Simon commission was appointed in 1927 in order to suggest new constitutional reforms.The commission suggested to retain the separate electorates or federal system which was introduced earlier by the Montague Chelmsford reforms (Wikipedia 2014). To quote Jalal (1999), ‘ Jinnah was ready to use this opening to try again to forge a common front between the league and the congress’. The muslims wanted a federal structure while congress wanted central rule (Jalal 1999). According to Jalal (1999), though Jinnah was against the federal structure, he had to find some ...


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Due to the launch of these movements, the muslims might have feared that their religion, culture and traditions would be crushed if they continue to live in India. This might have sparked the thought of a separate muslim state among the Indian Muslims.
The Nehru Report(1928) and rejection of Jinnah’s amendments to Calcutta convention and the rejection of ‘Fourteen Points’ of Jinnah which were in the interests of Muslims by the congress may have further contributed to widen the gap between Hindus and Muslims.
(chapter 6, All India Partition Politics and Assam Muslims,p.208, 2015, retrieved 15th March 2015, from, http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/21970/10/10_chapter%206.pdf).
Such factors may have contributed in widening the rift between the two communities until the only solution left would be to partition India and give muslims their own state.

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