Dr. Lisa Tittle
December 3, 2015
The increase of Type 2 Diabetes in Children
Chronic diseases such as cancer, hypotension, heart disease and diabetes are affecting many people, most especially children. For decades, type 2 diabetes was only diagnosed in adults but, unfortunately, there are increasing numbers of children developing the disease. Type 2 diabetes has become prevalent among children. Children must learn to live and manage type 2 diabetes to cope and function in life. ‘‘During 2002–2005, 3,600 youth were newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes annually; the rate of cases was 0.4 per 100,000 among youth less than 10 years and 8.5 per 100,000 among youth aged 10 years or older for Type 2 Diabetes ' ' (‘‘Fast facts on diabetes ' ' 4). The increasing development of type 2 diabetes in children with family history and obesity can be prevented by a healthy lifestyle.
A child could have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes if they are overweight or obese, have a parent, siblings or another close relative who has type 2 diabetes and if they show signs of insulin resistance, including dark patches of skin. ‘‘A child with a body mass index (BMI) above the 85th percentile is more likely to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes ' ' (Linder and Saul 4). Children of Asian or Pacific Islander, Native American, Latino, or African descent are at increased risk for diabetes. According to Entisham and Rosenblosm, type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance, a problem that is becoming a global youth health concern (quoted in Wilson 1). Insulin resistance is when the body do not react to the insulin been fabricated by the pancreas and the amount glucose entering is been reduce (‘‘Insulin Resistance ' ' 1). Wh...
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...ion, 5 Aug. 2014 Web 2 Dec. 2015.
"Fast Facts on Diabetes" National Diabetes Fact Sheet Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011 Web 2 Dec. 2015.
"How to Help Your Children Stay Healthy: Tips to Lower Their Chances of Getting Type 2 Diabetes." National Diabetes Education Program Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 1 July 2014. Web. 1 Dec. 2015.
"Insulin Resistance and Hyperinsulinemia" Mercy Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2015.
Linder, Barbara, and Saul Malozowski, eds "Overview of Diabetes in Children and Adolescents." National Diabetes Education Program N.p., July 2014. Web 4 Nov. 2015.
"Sugary Drinks and Obesity Fact Sheet" The Nutrition Source Harvard T.H. Chan School, June 2012. Web 1 Dec. 2015.
Wilson, Valerie. "Type 2 Diabetes: An Epidemic in Children." Nursing Children & Young People 25.2 (2013): 14-17. Academic Search Premier. Web 4 Nov. 2015.
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