Article #1 Eckenrode,J. Smith, E., McCarthy, M.& Dineen, M. ( February 10, 2014). Income Inequality and Child Maltreatment in the United States.
This article examines how income inequalities at a county level are associated with child maltreatment. Child abuse and neglect continues to represent a public health issue in the United States. The Fourth National Incidence Study estimated nearly 3 million children were physical, sexually, neglected, or emotionally abused in one year (USDHHS, 2005-2006). The article stated children in low-income homes are three times more likely to be abused and seven times more likely to be neglected than higher income households (Eckenrod, McCarthy, Dineen,2014, pg 455). The study viewed income rates and correlated childhood poverty with income inequality and determined an increased risk factor for child abuse. The income was based on U.S. Census national median household income from 2005-2009.
The study shows the effects county agencies can have on the reduction of maltreatment (i.e. Temporary Aid to Needed Families and Supplemental Nutrition Program) if adequately administered. This study was conducted based on information derived between the years of 2005-2009 from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data Center (NCANDS). US Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) was the data source for the income inequalities during the five-year study period (2005-2009). 3,124 counties across the United States were included in the study taken from 7 states included Alaska, Louisiana, Nebraska, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, and Virginia. (Eckenrode, Smith, McCarthy & Dineen, 2014.
In conclusion, the study linked to risk factors such as unemployment with local mortgage defaults and delinquenc...
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...leased from the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services and Administration for Children and Families provided numbers as investigated by Child Protective Services in the 50 states and District of Columbia (2002-2009). The cases were utilized at a rate of 1000 per state. Maltreatment rates ranged from 7.77 to 97.2 per 100,000 children between the years 2000-2009 and has decreased in time (Klevens, Barnett, Florence & Moore, 2015). “States that have continued eligibility for Medicaid/SCHIP reported lower rates 2.55 per 1,000 of maltreatment versus states without continuous Medicaid eligibility.” The data included 510 potential observations. The policy variable was measured against the state mean and range. The maltreatment rates were measured against states with and without the policies and the difference between the two with variation allowed for empirical data.
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