Inclusion in Schools Essay

Inclusion in Schools Essay

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Schools in today’s society are rapidly changing and growing striving to implement the best practices in their schools. Nonetheless, before a school can implement a program in their school they need reliable evidence that the new program will work. A new program that schools are aiming to implement is inclusion in the classroom because the benefits inclusion could bring. An inclusion program means that the student spends all or most of their school time in the general education classroom rather than a self-contained classroom. However, the students will still receive the support and interventions they would have received in a self-contained classroom. There are different types of inclusive classrooms where different types of teaching occur. There is co-teaching, where there is both a general education teacher and a special education teacher that co teach and both work with students that have an individualized education plan (IEP). In addition, an inclusive classroom can have a general education teacher but has the special education teacher as a resource or aid, which qualifies as a collaborative model of inclusion.
Inclusion is a growing trend in the schools today; however, many teachers may not have the knowledge to implement inclusion successfully with the education they received in their undergraduate work especially with general education teachers. There may also be negative attitudes towards inclusion from the general education teachers and this creates a barrier to inclusion because there is need for support in the whole school. Orr (2009) conducted interviews with special education teachers and the attitudes they have seen in their schools since inclusion was implemented in their schools. Orr (2009) chose fifteen teachers, ...


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...(2012) and Daniels (1997) is that there was a slight negative outcome when there was inclusion in the mathematics classroom.
Although there are academic benefits of having an inclusive school, there are also social benefits for the students with a disability. They are exposed to different situations that before in the self-contained classroom they were not able to have. A study was conducted of 61 students with a mild intellectual disability in an inclusive environment (Smoot 2011). The students spent at least one period per day in the general education classroom and the classrooms that had one of the sixty students had a pre-teacher who would observe the classroom. They were looking at the social skills that were typically developed in the classroom. There was almost 100% participation in the classroom where before there was only around 75% which is a good jump.

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Inclusion in Schools Essay

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