According to the study by Roder (2007, p.90), non-Indigenous had 95% higher incidence rate of melanoma of skin, compared to that of the Indigenous population in 2007 and the rates of haematological cancers were 42% higher for non-Indigenous people and it is further reported that Non- indigenous are more likely to develop Melanoma and haematological cancers as their non- Indigenous population counterparts (Roder 2007, p.91) According to the AIHW(2012c,pg,56) data stastics Indigenous Australians were more likely to be diagnosed with respiratory 16% compared to 11% Non- indigenous, Upper Gastrointestinal 12% compared with 8% and head and neck cancer 8% compared with 3% which shows indigenous cancer incidence is higher than non –indigen...
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...d in 1991 which includes Breast, Cervical, Bowel and Prostate cancer screening for early detection of cancers. This programme is aimed to reduce mortality rate and increase survival rate through effective follow-up treatment (AIHW 2012b, p.84). Since the establishment of National screening programme, there is a significant reduction 20% in breast cancer rate and 50% rate reduce in cervical cancer rate (AIHW 2012b). The study which was done in Queensland, Showed, even though Indigenous women had less understanding of the prognosis and treatment option of breast cancer, they could recognize at least one breast cancer symptoms and also were responsive to cervical screening services. It is estimated that there is an increment in number of people who attended this screening programme among indigenous women from 34.9% in 1999-2000 to 36.2% in 2009-2010 (AIHW 2012b, p.87).
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