The Incidence Of Cancer Rates Essay

The Incidence Of Cancer Rates Essay

Length: 1482 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Problem Statement: The proportion of cancer cases occurring in the developing world is expected to shift from 56% in 2008 to greater than 70% in 2030 1.
The issue: As developing nations experience population growth and reduced mortality from communicable diseases, the cancer burden increases. Though cancer was once thought to be a problem of the developed world, cancer is now a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). By 2030, cancer rates will nearly double in some LMICs where screening programs are scarce, health systems are poorly equipped, and awareness is limited. Due to these limitations, patients often present with advanced stage malignancies requiring expensive treatment that they cannot afford. With the development of the WHO Noncommunicable Disease (NCDs) Global Monitoring Framework which set a target of 25% relative reduction in mortality from NCD and the creation of National Cancer Control Plans by some LMICs, there are now policy options that national governments can take to ensure that the disparity between developing and developed country cancer mortality and morbidity does not continue to widen2.
Methodology: The literature compiled for this review are primarily from the scientific database PubMed. The terms used to identify PubMed articles consist of terms related to cancer such as “cancer,” “cancer control,” and “cancer burden.” Terms related to LMICs were also used, such as “low and middle income countries,” and “LMICs.” The publication dates were limited to the past 15 years to include studies prior to the first WHO World Cancer Report in 2003 and to capture how this report impelled the global community to address the increasing cancer burden. Roughly 300 articl...


... middle of paper ...


... health care providers, organizations, and government agencies together in a concerted effort to decrease the cancer burden in LMICs.
Summary statement: This review provided a background of the increasing burden of cancer in LMICs. The articles in this review served to illustrate that low survival rates in LMICs contribute to the disparity in cancer mortality rates. The articles also posit that it is possible to reduce the cancer burden in LMICs through concerted efforts to improve cancer prevention, vaccination coverage, early detection, and timely treatment. While policies and programs were highlighted towards, prevention and treatment prior to or at early stages of disease, it is important to note that there is a need for national level research which address how we might utilize pre-existing capacities to provide a better landscape of the issue to policymakers.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Cancer Incidence and Mortality Rates in AFrican Americans Essay

- Cancer Incidence and Mortality of African Americans in Texas Cancer is a large classification of diseases characterized by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. Undetected and uncontrolled, it can ultimately result in death. Causes of cancer can be categorized into three factors: external (chemicals, tobacco smoke, radiation, viruses), internal (hormones, immune conditions, genetics) and lifestyle (tobacco and alcohol use, unprotected sun exposure, poor nutrition, physical inactivity)....   [tags: essays research papers]

Strong Essays
890 words (2.5 pages)

The Incidence Rate Of Cervical Cancer Essay

- indigenous Australians. The incidence rate of cervical cancer also higher among Indigenous females as it is reported that they are 2.8 times higher live with cervical cancer and 3.9 times death rate from cervical cancer than non-Indigenous females. Indigenous female are less likely to attend cervical screening may be a contributing factor in the higher rates in Indigenous females. According to the cancer database created by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013a, p.15), the Indigenous population is 1.9 times more likely to be diagnosed with lung cancer and non-Indigenous Australians are 30% more likely to develop prostate cancer than Indigenous Australians....   [tags: Cancer, Metastasis, Epidemiology]

Strong Essays
1242 words (3.5 pages)

The Incidence Of Retinoblastom Intraocular Cancer Essays

- Retinoblastoma: Intraocular Cancer Retinoblastoma is a rare form of retinal cancer that occurs in children most commonly between zero and three years of age. The symptoms include pupils that look white instead of red in direct light, crossed eyes, a glazed look, eye pain, and unresponsive pupils [1]. Retinoblastoma has the appreciable characteristics of being both rare and treatable. Chemotherapy is the most widely utilized treatment with favorable outcomes. If the tumor is deemed too large, then enucleation could result in the most favorable outcome [2]....   [tags: Cancer, Cell cycle, Mutation, DNA]

Strong Essays
1164 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about A Brief Look at Breast Cancer

- ... Geographical factor: Incidence and mortality of breast cancer varies from one country to the other. Studies of migrants show that the rates of breast cancer in migrants tends towards the rate in the host country within two generations, this indicates that the environment is a more important factor than genetics. Menarche and menopause: Early menarche and late menopause increases the risk of breast cancer because. Women who attain menopause after the age of 55 are twice more likely to develop breast cancer as women who attain menopause before age 44....   [tags: abnormal cells, incidence]

Strong Essays
1745 words (5 pages)

Essay on Colorectal Cancer And Its Effects On Cancer

- Colorectal cancer (CRC), cancer of the colon and rectum, is the second leading cause of deaths due to cancer in US. Based on the location, it can be classified as rectal cancer or colon cancer. Most CRC begins as benign adenomas, or polyps that grow on the inner lining of the colon or rectum. These growths spread very slowly, taking from 10 to 20 years to become cancerous. Regular screening tests can identify and remove polyps before they become cancerous. Most cases of colorectal cancer occur in people over 50....   [tags: Cancer, Colorectal cancer, Ulcerative colitis]

Strong Essays
896 words (2.6 pages)

The Death Rates For Colorectal Cancer Essay

- One of the leading causes of death in the United States is cancer. Cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells divide without control and are able to invade other tissues. Although there are several types of cancers, colorectal cancer is the third deadliest form of cancer in both men and women. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a cancer that occurs in the colon or rectum. Non-cancerous polyps can form in the colon and can turn into cancer overtime. Colon cancer is known as a slow progressing disease (National Cancer Society , 2007)....   [tags: Cancer, Colorectal cancer, Ulcerative colitis]

Strong Essays
1787 words (5.1 pages)

Essay on Cancer And Herceptin Treatment For Her2 Positive Breast Cancer

- Breast Cancer and Herceptin Treatment for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer Iham Mohamed Kasem   Cancer Cells within the body normally divide only to replace old cells or for repair. Cells also divide rapidly in the early years of life until the person has grown into an adult. However, cancer occurs when cells start to grow uncontrollably. Cancer cells continue to grow to form new abnormal cells instead of dying. In addition to that, they can invade other tissues, which is not a feature of normal cells....   [tags: Breast cancer, Cancer, Signal transduction]

Strong Essays
2848 words (8.1 pages)

Essay on Breast Cancer : Causes And Treatments

- Breast cancer is considered the leading cause of death among women for over the course of many years, and even today breast cancer still steals the lives of thousands of women with little to no hope for cure. Breast cancer occurs due cells residing in the breast tissue grown sporadically. Breast cancer is typically found in women. However breast cancer is also not so uncommon in men, but very small percentage of men are actually diagnosed with breast cancer due to the fact that their breast do not develop and grow, according to www.cancer .org breast typically grows due to female hormones and men tend to lack female hormones so they do not grow breast which reduces the chances of breast canc...   [tags: Cancer, Breast cancer, Oncology, Metastasis]

Strong Essays
2254 words (6.4 pages)

Childhood And Adolescent Cancer Statistics Essay

- As cancer incidence rates rise around the world, a larger percent of patients require research through clinical trials and treatments to find a for cure cancer. The National Cancer Institute, the primary federal agency for cancer research in the United States, defines cancer as “a collection of related diseases…. [in which] some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues” (“What Is Cancer?”). In the United States, cancer is the leading cause of death for children ages 0 to 19....   [tags: Cancer, Chemotherapy, Oncology, Cancer research]

Strong Essays
1279 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on What Is Breast Cancer?

- What is breast cancer. Breast Cancer, a very common type of cancer in women, is a disease; cancer cells are found in breast tissue in the malicious. Each breast consists of 15-20 segments, which can be divided into still smaller units. Thin tubes called ducts connect the glandular lobes and lobules. The most common breast cancer is ductal cancer. It is found in the cells of the milk ducts. Cancer emanating from the glands or glandular lobes is called lobular carcinoma. The lobular carcinoma is more often found in both breasts than other types of breast cancer....   [tags: Breast cancer, Cancer, African American]

Strong Essays
1213 words (3.5 pages)