The mass incarceration in America has put United States in the map of countries that have the highest number of people incarcerated in the world. Today the US has 5% of the world’s population and has 25% of world prisoners (NAACP). Our prisons have also become overpopulated and the cost to incarcerate an inmate have quadrupled over the past two decade. According to a research done by Vera Institute Of Justice, researchers found that the total taxpayers cost of prisons in the 40 states that participated in this study was 13.9 percent higher than the cost reflected in those states combined corrections budgets. The price to taxpayers was $39 billion, $5.4 billion more than the $33.5 billion reflected in corrections budgets alone (Henrichson & Delaney). According to John Schmitt a senior economist, Kris Warner a program Assistant and Sarika Gupta a research Intern at the Center for Economic and Policy Research in Washington, D.C the reduction by one half in the incarceration rate of non
violent offenders would lower correctional expenditures by $16.9 billion per year which saves state government $7.6 billion, while local government saves $7.2 billion (Schmitt, Warner, Gupta).
Many prisoners incarcerated also happened to be in prisons for minor crimes (Possession of Drugs, Disorderly conduct etc) and the majority of the criminals happen to be African Americans. According to Nicole Flatow, a senior editor for ThinkProgres...
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...d of incarceration, he will walk out and will still be imprisoned by the disease of addiction and repeat the cycle like hundreds of thousands of other inmates who come out, only to go back into the system as repeat offenders. Dr. Samuels also mentions that treatment is less expensive cost to taxpayers and by helping the hundreds of individuals by rehabilitation, and we can manage our prison system more effectively by reducing the numbers of people incarcerated in the United States (Samuels).
In conclusion, we must be able to understand the effect on person who is incarcerated for minor offenses. We must find ways to rehabilitate individuals for their small mistakes rather than have them incarcerated where they are not provided with help or support. This will not only help taxpayer save money but it will also help the individual overall.
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