The Incarceration Of The United States Essay

The Incarceration Of The United States Essay

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The United States has the highest prison rate in the world at 724 per 100,000 people are incarcerated.(Borowski) With the immense number of criminals incarcerated, one would assume that the countries crime rate is extremely low. But, because a majority of these inmates are incarcerated for non-violent crimes, it is still embarrassingly high. On the other hand, there is no evidence or valid argument that the crime rate would be lowered if there was a mass release of incarcerated criminals. In fact, it is reasonable to suggest that the United States crime rate would rise if these criminals were released. Ultimately the United States jailing system is flawed with the overpopulation of jails, policies for the mentally ill, lack of education for inmates and repeat offenders, however fixing these problems without patience and careful ideas the crime rate will rise.
A major issue in the United States jailing system is the overcrowding of jails. The United states incarcerates nearly 1 in 100 American adults. The prison population quadrupled from 1970 to 1990 (Pollock). The incarceration rate has exceeded two million and the federal prisons are operating at 31% over capacity (Robinson) When the state and the local governments started passing tough-on-crime legislations, the country’s incarceration addiction grew at a mega rate. Moreover, while the society admits that incarceration helps in rehabilitating and transforming people’s characters, other methods of deterring crime can also be utilized to help manage the problem prison overcrowding. According to Alinejad and Nazarinejad (2015), while creating new facilities will help accommodate new inmates, and then the number of detainees that need rehabilitation in prisons will continue to i...

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... in use at public schools have had a sharp decrease in criminal related mischief. Programs such as sports and homework help has helped in reducing dropout rates.
When laws are broken, offenders need to be punished. The purpose of prison and jail is to punish offenders so when released they do not want to return back to prison. The goal of prison is to teach right from wrong and develop a mindset to not re-offend so it becomes deterrence for recidivism. Hundreds of thousands of prisoners are released from prison each year, with no recollection of making a life for them in the society. Professionals claim that prisons bring society such as a sense of security, therefore the negative impacts of isolation and social problems tend to be forgotten. A social problem is anything that is considered to have a negative impact on a person’s life, such as drugs and alcohol abuse.

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