The marriage market is simply the opportunities for marriage people have. It is a term used specifically in this case as the likelihood of criminals getting married, functioning in a marriage, divorce etc. The labor market is ultimately the job market, in this case it is where the jobs are poured into a little pond and your life choices and education (many other attributes contribute as well) determine your pool of jobs to pick from. A life course is “the passage to adulthood is a sequence of well-ordered stages that affect life trajectories long after the early transitions are completed.” (Western 20).
Prisons started to change the life courses for many young black men, by the 1990’s prison “became a modal life event” for those black men with little schooling (Western 24). Western shares some important statistics with us: that the black-white disparity greatest in incarceration being eight to one, three out of two hundred whites were incarc...
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...ages and families suffer because of incarceration. Western says that marriage interrupted by the penal system to not survive. Some marriages are prone to domestic violence after the husband returns from jail. He states that “by eroding the familial bonds that curb violence, imprisonment undermines the conditions for desistence.
So does mass incarceration really work? It has given us many economic and family problems and solved little of our crime problems. This mass incarceration brought us to a rise in incarcerating the population into the penal system, which resulted in our prison boom. The evidence provided by Bruce Western in his book has only showed us the disadvantages of this mass incarceration and the consequences of it. We have seen racial inequality, as well as ruined life courses, which could have been much better or avoided prison all together.
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