The Incarceration Of The Criminal Justice System Essay

The Incarceration Of The Criminal Justice System Essay

Length: 729 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

According to figures from the Prison Reform Trust 's Bromley Briefings fact file the overall cost of the criminal justice system has moved up from 2% of GDP to 2.5% over the last decade. Each new prison place now costs £170,000 over the life of the accommodation. The cost of housing, a prisoner per year is £41,000. The justice committee cautions that, on current estimates, the government 's new prison plans would condemn it to finding an extra £4.2bn over the next 35 years. To conclude the prison system is highly expensive, yet it expense is not evident in controlling crime.
The supposed function of the prison is to Deter, Incapacitate and Reform individuals. The idea of deterrence is that individuals would be reluctant to commit a crime due to fear of imprisonment as a form of punishment. Incapacitation has to do with restricting the movement of offenders where they are unable to commit further crimes and Reform is based on the idea that crime can be reduced by using punishment to change the behaviour and character of offenders for the better. However, the prison has not been very successful in carrying out its supposed functions. For instance, when it comes to deterrence the prison has failed, in that the prison population has greatly increased over the years. The prison population has increased by 41,800 between 1993 and 2012. Currently, the prison population in England and Whales is 85, 564 and according to the Howard League for Penal Reform Weekly Prison Watch, as week ending Friday 6 March 2015 there are 20 more people in prison than last week and 95 more people compare to this time last year (www.howardleague.org/weekly-priosn-watch/ 12/03/2015
Incapacitation has to be the only function that the prison carry out quite we...


... middle of paper ...


...economic structure of society in which it takes place and to the class system, which as a result it promotes by penal practices and ideologies. For instance according to Hermann Mannheim ‘ the history of criminal legislation in England and many other countries, shows that excessive prominence was given by the law to the protection of property.’ In other words, the history of criminal legislation became important in accordance with the protection of property own by the ruling class.
Furthermore, Marxist see the law and state as operating in the interest of the ruling class, because by punishing people who go against the existing law- which keep in place the status quo and the position of the ruling class ;punishment, therefore, functions to reinforce the power and the privilege of that class. In this case, punishment is used as a means to control the working class.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The American Criminal Justice System And Mass Incarceration Essay

- Michelle Alexander’s use of “Jim Crow” is a viable and useful analogy to describe the current American criminal justice system and mass incarceration. I believe our criminal justice system does not truly define justice or fairness. Also, I agree on the fact that while old “Jim Crow” laws may be dead; the current justice system serves many of the same purposes of those laws. Today, mass incarceration is the biggest issue in our criminal justice system, for mass incarceration is the new Jim Crow. Mass incarceration is a system that locks people not only behind actual bars in actual prisons, but also behind virtual bars and virtual walls-walls that are invisible to the naked eye, but function...   [tags: Criminal justice, Crime, Racism, African American]

Better Essays
1150 words (3.3 pages)

Incarceration And Police Surveillance Among Black Males And The Criminal Justice System

- Introduction “On the run: Wanted Med in the Philadelphia Ghetto” by Alice Goffman (2009), explores the dysfunctional relationship between individuals in “ghettos” and the criminal justice system. Incarceration rates in the United States have increased seven times over 40 years among Black men with limited education (Goffman 2009:339). Incarceration leads to the discrimination and disadvantage of Black males; socially and economically (Goffman 2009:339). Additionally, increased incarcerations influence the amount of policing in communities....   [tags: Sociology, Police, Incarceration, The Police]

Better Essays
1318 words (3.8 pages)

Juvenile Incarceration And Its Effects On The Criminal Justice System Essay

- The problem of over populated prisons and other types of penitentiaries has caused the criminal justice system to be overburdened. Individuals, who violated the law, were given sentences, sent to prison, and served their time. During this time, they were not offered any means or services that might help them to reform and not repeat the crimes that were the cause of their incarceration initially. Research has shown that incarceration alone may not be a solution to the incidence of crime resulting in jail time....   [tags: Prison, Drug addiction, Crime, Recidivism]

Better Essays
1372 words (3.9 pages)

The Criminal Justice System Has A Negative Effect On Society Essay

- America by many is known or considered for justice, equality, and a land of freedom but it 's the contrary . In the U.S it promised equality, justice, freedom, safety, etc. The criminal justice system however shows any of those characteristics due to their strict policies which are unethical. The criminal justice system has a negative effect on society because it focuses on putting people in jail for petty crimes, it targets people of color, and destroys families and communities. What people are presented on T.V manipulates people into thinking someone is dangerous because you constantly see images of them presented in a negative way....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Prison, Incarceration]

Better Essays
1228 words (3.5 pages)

Incarceration Has Been The Center Of The United States Justice System Essay

- Incarceration has been the center of the United States justice system ever since the opening of the nation’s first prison. In order to understand how the aspects of the first corrections institutions correlate to later correctional practices seen today. Whether it was temporary or permanent, there has always been some form of detainment for offenders, and they were always held against their will. Imprisonment of offenders in earlier times was done primarily to hold the accused until the authorities determined the offender’s actual punishment....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Criminal law]

Better Essays
804 words (2.3 pages)

Diversity within the Criminal Justice System Essay

- The US Justice Department statistics 2003 and onwards demonstrates significant disproportion in the incarceration rate of minority African American and Hispanic men between the ages of 25 and 29 years as compared to the rate associated with White men of the same age. Bell (2007), proposes that as minority groups grow in numbers within the dominant group they will experience greater equality. However, rate of incarceration among minority males remains alarmingly high and as compared to their White counterparts....   [tags: Racial Prejudice, Over-Incarceration]

Better Essays
2181 words (6.2 pages)

The Incarceration Of The Prison System Essay

- Injustice in The Prison System “Today we have the highest rate of incarceration in the world,” (Stevenson). The prison population in the U.S. has grown extremely fast over the past three decades. With almost “six million people on probation or parole,” it is clear that there is a problem with our prison system (Stevenson). I believe the prison system in the United States is outdated and unjust because of unfair sentencing, racial discrimination, and the privation of the prison system. Under the current prison system, many offenders of nonviolent crimes are getting much longer sentences than actually necessary....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Penology, Crime]

Better Essays
964 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on The Criminal Justice System in USA

- The Criminal Justice System in the United States of America was established with noble intentions. The basis of the system can be traced back from the first book of the Bible Genesis, and the story of Cain and Able. The criminal justice system was established to be morally suitable for a growing diverse society. Moral dilemmas within the system arise from concerns related to principles of officials’ right and wrong behavior. These principles are often embedded into a culture of the human character, in other words, viewed as essential to the criminal justice system....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]

Better Essays
1646 words (4.7 pages)

Prison System Is The High Rate Of Incarceration Essay

- There are many issues within the United States Prison System today. Two leading examples of what is wrong with the prison system is the high rate of incarceration and the unjust laws that help land people in our prisons. Unfortunately, over the years, there have been few attempts to repair these problems. Fortunately, there are several ways that we can address these issues. A major problem within the prison system is the high rate of incarceration. According to “Facts about the Prison System in the U.S”, sixty-six percent of released convicts will end up back in jail at some point in their life....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Criminal law]

Better Essays
1220 words (3.5 pages)

The Incarceration Of The Prison System Essay

- The prison system needs to be changed and revamped. The prisoners are being treated as if they are slaves and viewed as a selected group who can not change. Therefore, to change this, we have to alter the way we view people who are on trial. If we give reasonable sentences and give help to those who need help. There is a great chance the capacity of the prisoners will decrease and the amount of returners will decrease. When the constitution was created on September 17, 1787 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Drug addiction, Criminal justice]

Better Essays
879 words (2.5 pages)